REL 1350 Study Guide Weaver

REL 1350 Study Guide Weaver - REL 1350 Study Guide...

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REL 1350 Study Guide Materials Apostolic Fathers Definition With the death of the apostles, new leaders emerged and had to confront practical questions. Their connection to apostles The generation after the New Testament era; leaders claimed to be students of Jesus’ disciples/apostles (not fathers of the apostles!) Ignatius of Antioch Use of the word catholic o Used the word “catholic” (universal) for the Church Monarchical episcopate Growing Role of the Bishop o Move away from collegial leadership and prophets o Centralized leadership to fight heresy (shun divisions, follow the bishop) o Where the bishop is, there is the Church- mystical presence View of Eucharist ****Emergence tied to the Eucharist; represented the faithful to God View of martyrdom Imitation of Christ o Ultimate witness o One who dies for the faith o “Take up your cross and follow Me” (Mark 8:34) o “For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels." (Mark 8:38) Apostolic Father ????????? Didache Some characteristics of the “way of life and way of death” Instructions on baptism, fasting and Lord’s Prayer Means of testing a false prophet The author’s words on following the whole yoke of the Lord Its other title (Teaching of the Twelve Apostles) Early second century; Antioch Considered Scripture by some before final canon of biblical books defined A Church Manuel o Chapters 1-7, ethics (way of life vs. way of death) o Chapters 8-9, Baptism, Fasting o Chapters 9-10, Eucharistic prayer o Chapters 11-15, church polity o Chapter 16, Apocalypse
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Theology of Martyrdom Pliny to Trajan Persecution of Christians o Sporadic, local, at times intense o Letter of Pliny to Trajan (111 C. E.) Don’t seek out, but punish if proved guilty Edict of Milan (313) *** letter signed by emperors Constantine I and Licinius that proclaimed religious toleration in the Roman Empire Martyrdom of Polycarp – the fire Martyrdom of Polycarp o 86 years old Perpetua Summarize story Example of Martyrdom; perpetua and Felicitas Role of father; role of the infant; brothers; the pitcher She is from where…. *******North Africa Christian martyrs of the 3rd century. Perpetua (born in 181) was a 22-year old married noble , and a nursing mother. Her co-martyr Felicity, an expectant mother, was her slave Perpetua and Felicitas o Role of the Father o The pitcher o The child o The brother o Ability to see visions and speak a revelation Gnosticism Heresy Heresy: Incorrect belief, false doctrine orthodoxy Orthodoxy: Correct belief Basic definitions, leaders General characteristics o Continuing Revelation – God spoke through New Testament writings as well as other writings that Jesus alleged revealed secretly to gnostics o Diversity – not one Gnostic group o Radical Dualism – the world (matter) is evil; soul (spirit) is good, but trapped in the body
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REL 1350 Study Guide Weaver - REL 1350 Study Guide...

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