3704WL3_F10

3704WL3_F10 - ESC 3704 Word List for Final Examination Note...

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ESC 3704 Word List for Final Examination Note: This list is final. The final examination will be given Friday, December 3, 2010, starting at 7:45 A.M. Questions will come from the lectures (including PowerPoint Presentations, and videos embedded therein), and the assigned reading. Questions may be true-false, multiple choice, fill in the blank, matching, or short answer. In addition, you may be asked to define some terms. Some review questions from the midterm will be included. Material on this exam comes from: Lectures 8-13 Archer, Chapter 7, pages 74-77 Archer, Chapter 8, pages 89-94 Archer, Chapter 11, pages 131-142 Plan B, Chapter 8 Anthony Del Genio, Clouds and Climate Change An Ocean Full of Deserts EPA, Climate Change - Health and Environmental Effects Project 3 All videos shown during lectures Terms listed below may be words for definition, or entire concepts. This list is intended to assist in preparing for the examination. It will not substitute for attending lecture, doing the assigned readings, and doing the Lecture 8 - Clouds Interaction with visible and with infrared radiation, which depends stongly on altitude Altitude Low clouds - Cumulus and stratus High clouds - Cirrus
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Scattering of light, at the same frequency No physically realistic models for scattering have been developed Factors known to affact scattering: Length scale of all of these structural features relative to the wavelength of the light being scattered Density Ainisotropy Concentration flucuations Absorption, where energy is reradiated in the IR Cloud albedo Water content Ice crystals are more reflective than water droplets Effect of temperature on albedo Formation of clouds Supersaturation Presence of condensation nuclei Droplet size and surface area/volume ratio How much water is there in a cloud? (mass units, not blue whales) Clouds in the future Warmer, so more water will evaporate Warm air holds more moisture than cold air, so may not create clouds TC 4 project Anthropogenic Modification of Clouds Jet contrails Smoke particles Sulfur particles, including production of sulfuric acid Dust Lecture 9 - Biogenic Cloud Sources Sulfur Cycle Sulfur is plentiful in the oceans, scarce on land Hydrogen sulfide is NOT a carrier gas Dimethyl Sulfide (DMS) is probably the most important carrier gas Dimethyl Sulfide
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Pleasant odor Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), which is the precursor to DMS, is produced by marine phytoplankton James Lovelock First measured DMS over the ocean Proposed that DMS is the carrier gas for sulfur transmission to the land
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course ESC 3704 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at FAU.

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3704WL3_F10 - ESC 3704 Word List for Final Examination Note...

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