Jean Le Rond D’Alembert FINAL

Jean Le Rond D’Alembert FINAL

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Jean Le Rond D’Alembert (1717-1783) by: Zachary Blanco Anne Blessing Adam Breeden Yu Chung
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Philosophe Jean Le Rond D'Alembert was born November 17, 1717 in Paris, France. His mother, Claudine Guerin de Tencin—a Parisian society hostess—dropped him off as a newborn on the steps of the St Jean le Rond church. D'Alembert was immediately taken to a home for homeless children where he stayed until his father, artillery officer Louis-Camus Destouches contacted him and arranged for him to be taken care of by a Mme. Rousseau (a glazier's wife). D'Alembert stayed with Rousseau until he was about 50 years old, and he considered her to be his mother. This was mostly because both Tencin and Destouches never recognized Jean as their son. However, before Destouches’s died in 1726, he left nine-year-old D’Alembert with enough money for security and an education. D'Alembert entered the private Mazarin College by age 12 and graduated in 1735. Upon graduation, D'Alembert enrolled in the Jansenist College des Quatre Nations where he studied mathematics and ultimately changed his name to D'Alembert. One of the main goals of the college was for their students to become theology experts and to argue the Jansenist case against the Jesuits. D'Alembert disagreed so strongly with this theology, that turned his attention to studying law and medicine upon graduation until settling on mathematics in 1739. In July of that same year, he read his first paper to the Paris Academy of Science on errors he had discovered in Reyneau's Analyse demontree . Two years later he was admitted to the academy because of the success of his papers (including one written on the subject of the mechanics of fluids). For his entire life D'Alembert worked at the Paris Academy of Science and the French Academy. In 1754 he was elected to the Academie Francaise as their permanent secretary. Personality wise D'Alembert was thought to be both charitable and controversial.
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course GPHIL 101 taught by Professor Hoeltzel during the Fall '07 term at James Madison University.

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Jean Le Rond D’Alembert FINAL

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