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Test 1 terms - Culture( Robbins:thesystemof...

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Terms that you need to know: Culture (as broadly discussed in class) - Robbins: the system of  meanings about the nature of  experience that are shared by a  people and passed on from one  generation to another. - Spradley: the learned and  shared knowledge that people  use to generate behavior and  interpret experience. o Explicit culture – cultural  knowledge that people  can talk about. o Tacit culture – culture  that we lack words  for/don’t think about/don’t  talk about though we  know them; learned  through everyday  interactions. Example: space Anthropology – the holistic and comparative  study of humankind. Cultural anthropology – how cultures  vary or are similar from/to one another  among various groups of people. Ethnocentrism – the tendency to judge the  beliefs and behaviors of other cultures from  the perspective of one’s own culture. - thinking our way is the only  way/best way/right way; the way they do it is  the wrong way. Cultural relativism –  - Robbins: the attempt to  understand the beliefs and  behaviors of other cultures in  terms of the culture in which they  are found. - Fieldwork Ethnography – (Spradley) the work of  discovering and describing a particular  culture. - Rather than studying people,  ethnography means  learning  from people. Ethnographic method – the immersion of  researchers in the lives and cultures of the  peoples they are trying to understand in  order to comprehend the meanings these  people ascribe to their existence. Participant observation – the active  participation of a researcher or observer In  the lives of those being studied.
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