Criminal Justice Counterterrorism final exam

Criminal Justice Counterterrorism final exam - Criminal...

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Criminal Justice Counterterrorism final exam_ Section I: Open Book (75 points) Compare and contrast the administrations of Reagan, Bush I, and Clinton. What counterterrorism issues did they confront? What were their policies dealing with counterterrorism? What were their successes and failures? President Reagan was the only U.S. president ever to come into office with terrorism at the top of his agenda. Reagan and his Secretaries of State saw terrorism as a major threat to U.S. “power and prestige.” Secretary of State Haig had survived a terrorist attack five years after Nixon’s resignation and was convinced that Soviet-backed terrorism was a significant threat and that the U.S. intelligence was lacking. The Reagan administration officials saw the threat of terrorism both internationally and domestically, whereas the following administrations under Bush and Clinton only recognized an external threat faced by international terrorism. A major terrorism issue that Reagan dealt with throughout his presidency was the hostages in Lebanon, following threats faced by Libya and Gadhafi. The bombing of the U.S. embassy in Beirut and of the U.S. Marine barracks represented the first terrorist challenge in the United States from an unexpected group – Hezbollah and the Islamic Jihad. Following the return of the hostages in January 1981, Reagan suggested his willingness to use force against terrorists, which was a major shift in the history of U.S. counterterrorism policy. Institutionally, Reagan formalized State’s role as the lead agency for overseas terrorism, and also reaffirmed the NSC’s role in the management of terrorist incidents. He also established a specialized group focusing on Libya’s influence on neighboring regions and its potential for acquiring nuclear weapons. Reagan administration developed a two-tier foreign
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course CRJU 301 taught by Professor Minnis during the Spring '11 term at James Madison University.

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Criminal Justice Counterterrorism final exam - Criminal...

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