POSC 345 Midterm Essay Questions

POSC 345 Midterm Essay Questions - POSC 345 Midterm Essay...

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Discuss the concepts of “unity” and “diversity” as they apply to contemporary European politics. On what grounds might you make a case for European “unity”? What features lead you to talk about “diversity”? Which of the two do you think is more important to be the dominant or more appropriate term for describing Europe in the future? Why? Two opposing forces shaping contemporary European nations and Europe as a continent, socially, culturally, economically, and politically. Challenge for Europeans is trying to find balance between these. Provide examples: Trends claiming unity: o “peace” since WWII Weakening of strong sense of strict national identity and “us vs. them” between European countries “European” idea, which creates common goals and values o End of C.W.: Geographical dissappearance of East/West divide (notes and Sheehan) o Democracies (collapse of Communism since C.W.) and common welfare values Less insecurity about physical and economic securities; emerging middle class Post-materialist means it’s about quality of life (safety net of welfare state) Less significance in class in religious differences o Increasingly interdependent because of increasing continental and global problems o E.U. Increasing accession of CEE states Peaceful integration makes them especially economically interdependent, as well as increasingly politically interdependent expanding policy under “acquis communitaire” “Generation E” (Reid) Europeans share technological wariness, English language, football, transportation networks, media, etc. . (a matter of pop culture) o Increasing popularity of populist parties ACROSS Europe suggests unity in contemporary political opinions () Trends claiming diversity: o Integration has caused and increases ethnic, religious diversity within Europe o Resurgent nationalism “us vs. them” because of: Identity uncertainty Fueled by immigration, whose populations are concentrated and thus more visible New (populist party) nationalistic movements – blame E.U. for national issues o Also, “us vs. them” between old and young gernerations o Political and cultural differences still exist between Western and Eastern Europe, between individual sovereign states, and within countries National identity Nature of welfare state looks different from country to country (Reid) leaves out values , which are most important in influencing a common European identity No valuable meaning behind European symbols o 21 st century skepticism: increasing fragmentation between E.U. and national interests/policy goals o 21 st century skepticism: increasing nationalism with increase in global threats: terrorism, immigration, economy, climate change(?) o Christian-Muslim divide o Europe is not the E.U. o
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course POSC 345 taught by Professor Adolino during the Fall '09 term at James Madison University.

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POSC 345 Midterm Essay Questions - POSC 345 Midterm Essay...

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