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Automatizacija mHe - Int J Global Energy Issues Vol 24 Nos...

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Int. J. Global Energy Issues, Vol. 24, Nos. 1/2, 2005 19 Copyright © 2005 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Enhancing small hydro automation using distributed micro-controllers and simulation Aidan Foss* ANF Energy Solutions Inc., 4092 McBean Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K0A 2Z0, Canada Fax: 1 613 838 6505 E-mail: [email protected] * Corresponding author Yves Grandmaitre and William Kemp Powerbase Automation Systems Inc., 150 Rosamond Street, Carleton Place, Ontario, K7C 1V2, Canada Fax: 1 613 257 1840 Fax: 1 613 257 7356 E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] Abstract: The past ten years has seen significant advances in low-cost micro-controllers, data communications and personal computing. Applying these technologies to small hydro automation, affordable multifunctional distributed processing solutions is now a commercial reality. The ability to reduce costs is facilitated by innovative low-cost simulation tools. The successful application of these technologies to the control and protection of a 2MVA hydro generating unit is described. Keywords: small hydro; automation; simulation; micro-controllers; distributed processing; governing; SCADA; data buses; personal computing tools. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Foss, A., Grandmaitre, Y. and Kemp, W. (2005) ‘Enhancing small hydro automation using distributed micro-controllers and simulation’, Int. J. Global Energy Issues , Vol. 24, Nos. 1/2, pp.19–28. Biographical notes: Aidan Foss P.Eng. is the Principal Engineer of ANF Energy Solutions Inc. A graduate in mathematics from the Cambridge University, UK, with a Doctorate in turbine control from the Imperial College, London, Foss specialised in computer control and simulation and was Vice-Chairman of the UK Simulation Council. Through the National Grid Company, he focused on power applications, including auditing and modelling of generator control systems. Currently based in Ottawa, Foss provides technical consultancy services covering power systems, power measurement, power-plant automation and simulation. Yves Grandmaitre, CSP, V.P. Sales and Marketing at Powerbase Automation Systems Inc., has been active in selling and interfacing with industrial controls for over fifteen years. His experiences have spanned the pulp and paper industry, petrochemical, waste water and many more. Grandmaitre
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20 A. Foss, Y. Grandmaitre and W. Kemp practices a hands-on approach to selling and has been involved in many installations and commissioning of control systems. He has also travelled extensively and written papers promoting the benefits of an embedded application specific controller approach for small hydro sites. William (Bill) Kemp, V.P. of Engineering at Powerbase Automation Systems Inc., has over 20 years of experience in the development of high performance embedded control systems, focusing on scalable hardware and software solutions to the on and off grid power generation industry. Also experienced in PV and wind technology, Kemp is the principal system architect of the Powerbase Platform. He has travelled extensively promoting to industry the
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