Intro to the Cold War

Intro to the Cold War - I . Cold War: a. Origins of the...

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I. Cold War: a. Origins of the Cold War: i. US Perceptions: a. Marxist ideology (inevitability of war) a. Dialectical Materialism: all progress results from conflict i. Dialectical Idealism: Thesis is proposed, Antithesis challenges the Thesis, and out of conflict between the two results the Synthesis, which becomes the new Thesis. (When Thesis, antithesis, and synthesis are ideas) ii. Marx’s interpretation: 1. Dialectical materialism = dialectical idealism as it applies to social class 2. Those who own means of production (thesis) clash with the labor force who works for the owners (antithesis), resulting in some synthesis. 1. This process repeats, beginning in Feudalism, progressing through Capitalism, Socialism, and eventually Communism results when the owners of the means of production ARE the labor force. b. Because of the nature of the Dialectic and the conflicts it brings, Marxist ideology is seen as something that necessitates war. i. US interpreted Soviet’s cling to Marxist ideology as something that would make war a self-fulfilling prophecy. b. Nazi-Soviet pact (attacks on Poland and Baltic states) a. Prior to WWII, Soviets and Nazis signed nonaggression pact.
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i. Western world saw this as a stab in the back, knowing that it would result in the brunt of the Soviet attack going westward. c. Post WWII: a. Soviets sweeping through eastern-Europe and putting pro- Soviet governments in countries they liberate from Nazi control: i. Turkey: 1. Soviet Union wanted use of straights that lead from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. 2. This meant they wanted to control Turkey so they could have warm water ports 1. Truman saw this as identical to Hitler’s actions prior to WWII. 3. Truman sent a nonverbal message to Soviets—Back off from Turkey or else! 1. US had nukes, Soviets didn’t at the time. 2. This supported the “negotiate from position of strength” theory ii. Iran—1946 1. In order to prevent Nazi’s from gaining control of Oil, Soviets occupied portions of Iran, under the agreement that they’d pull out after the war. They didn’t. 2. Stalin began to hint that northern Iran should be part of
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2011 for the course POLS 231 taught by Professor Raymond during the Fall '10 term at Boise State.

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Intro to the Cold War - I . Cold War: a. Origins of the...

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