Liberal Theory and Comparison to Realism

Liberal Theory and Comparison to Realism - I . L iberal...

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I. Liberal Theory A. Human nature = blank slate, and is affected by its surroundings 1. Unlike realism, this allows for potential human tendency towards altruism, collaboration, and mutual aid. 2. Malicious behavior also occurs, but is not ubiquitous as realists believe a. Realist environment results in more realism/power-hungry behavior 3. Reason enables people to change the international environment and thus makes progress possible a. Things can be changed to produce a better society, liberalist triangle: a. Peace lies between democracy, international institutions, and economic interdependence. i. Democracies: Based on Perpetual Peace (1795), Immanuel Kant, claimed democracy would bring peace, and monarchies and other authoritarian regimes result in war. 1. Based on theory that the people doing the fighting vote to go to war 2. Historically, democracies rarely fight one another (although they fight non-democracies frequently) ii. Economic Interdependence: Wealth of nations (1776), by Adam Smith,
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2011 for the course POLS 231 taught by Professor Raymond during the Fall '10 term at Boise State.

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Liberal Theory and Comparison to Realism - I . L iberal...

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