Nuclear Deterrance vs Arms Control and Disarmament

Nuclear Deterrance vs Arms Control and Disarmament - I ....

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I. Nuclear Deterrence/Balance of Terror: Mutually Assured Destruction. If both sides will inevitably destroy the other if conflict were to occur, it likely won’t occur. a. At the height of the cold war, the Soviet Union and the United States had enough combined firepower to destroy the world tens of times over i. Realists see this as brilliant—given the formula U = V-C, the cost of fighting is now so high it outweighs any possible value of fighting because it destroys everything (assuming both sides are rational.) b. This rests on the fundamental assumption that leaders of states possessing nuclear weapons are rational. c. Compellence vs. Deterrence: i. Compellence—to make someone do something ii. Deterrence—to make someone NOT do something 1. 2 ways of deterrence: a. Denial: i. Convincing someone not to do something by convincing them that their success is unlikely b. Punishment: i. Convincing someone not to do something by threatening negative consequences. ii. This is the method of deterrence on which nuclear deterrence is based. iii. What is necessary for punishment-based deterrence to be successful: 1. Capability—the punisher must demonstrate the capability of punishing.
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but also the willingness to dish out the punishment. 3. Communication—the punisher must communicate their ability and willingness to dish out the hurt when the shit hits the fan. iv. How did the US and the USSR demonstrate their ability and willingness to nuke the other should the other nuke them? 1. Second strike capabilities: a. The ability to strike back after having been hit first. b. When both sides have second strike capabilities, balance of terror occurs (AKA mutually assured destruction.) iii. Research shows that compellence is more difficult than deterrence d. Second Strike capabilities and how they were implemented in the Cold War: i. What is known as a Triad was created by either side: 1. ICBMs: Intercontinental ballistic missiles 2. SLBMs: Submarine launched ballistic missiles 3. Bombers a. Some bombers were kept on alert and in the air at all times, which were prepared to nuke the other side if they got the order 4. Any single facet of the triad is able to destroy the enemy completely. a. Thus, if one side manages to destroy 2 aspects of the other
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2011 for the course POLS 231 taught by Professor Raymond during the Fall '10 term at Boise State.

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Nuclear Deterrance vs Arms Control and Disarmament - I ....

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