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JOHN STUART MILL (1806-1873) Consequentialist: one who believes that the actions ought to be evaluated for moral correctness on the basis of the value the acts produce (consequences). Objective Act Consequentialists hold that the right act is that which, in fact brings about the right consequences (not just the anticipated, foreseeable, or intended consequences). Utilitarian: one who holds that the moral value of an action is determined by its contribution to overall utility (where utility means usefulness towards general happiness). Eudaimonist: one who believes that happiness and flourishing are the ultimate goals of an ethical life. The Greatest Happiness Principle: Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. Happiness: pleasure in the absence of pain Unhappiness: pain, and the privation of pleasure hedonism: the position that one ought to spend one’s life in pursuit of pleasure 2 kinds of pleasure Higher order: pleasures that we have by virtue of being human (we appreciate these in ways other animals cannot). These can range from appreciating the differences in 2 fine wines or classical
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2011 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Pleto during the Fall '08 term at Ohio University- Athens.

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