Language Development

Language Development - Questions from: Overview of...

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Questions from: Overview of communication Biological Basis Components of Language 1. By using definitions/descriptions, explain the difference between the terms speech and language . Why it is important to know the difference? (think!) Speech is the production of speech sounds in the vocal tract. Language is a socially shared code or conventional system, these codes represent concepts, through the use of arbitrary symbols and rules governing combinations of those symbols. It is important to know the difference because language exists in the mind and consists of abstract ideas, and thinking while speech only exists in the human vocal tract. Both can exist without each other. 2. Provide the definition for language . Then, explain each part of the definition. Language is a socially shared code or conventional system (A way of sharing and communicating information). These codes represent concepts (Talking can represent ideas, and give you a mental picture of what is going on.) Through the use of arbitrary symbols and rules governing combinations of those symbols (These symbols do not represent actual objects but rather images in the mind produced by the combination of the symbols). 3. Explain the meaning of the following statement with evidence/support from text: Language is a uniquely human capacity . Language is Biologically Based. Humans are the only species able to acquire the knowledge of language. Humans have to ability to use productivity, semanticity (symbolism) [We have awareness of words & symbols & can communicate specific messages], and displacement [We Animals can communicate but not with language. They use general messages that are tied to the here & now.
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4. What is the definition of: Semantics? Pragmatics? Phonology? Syntax? Morphology? Given the violation of a rule, can you identify the component of language involved? Semantics: Rules for the MEANING of words, definitions, & how they can be combined for meaning. Pragmatics: Rules governing the social use of language. Phonology: Rules for the structure, distribution, & sequencing of speech sounds. Syntax: Rules about how words can be ordered in sentences. Morphology: Rules that govern the internal organization of words. FORM: Syntax, Morphology, Phonology (What you can “see”) CONTENT: Semantics USE: Pragmatics Examples : Violates rules of : “Book my on the table is.” Syntax “He walk to the store yesterday.” Morphology The word: “mweet” Phonology “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.” Semantics KEY WORDS IN CHAPTER 1 Bound Morphemes: must be attached to a word to have meaning. Derivational: changes word type. Inflectional: changes word tense.
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Pragmatics: Conversation Story Telling Metalinguistics: the ability to use language to think about & analyze language. To judge correctness talking about language. Topic:
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Language Development - Questions from: Overview of...

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