4Fluency

4Fluency - HSLS240 Wright...

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HSLS 240 Wright
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Stuttering is a fluency disorder that affects the  ability to make speech sounds effortlessly  Over three million Americans stutter  Stuttering affects three to four times as many  males as females  People who stutter are as intelligent and well- adjusted as non-stutterers  People who stutter often have excellent  communication skills 
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John Stossel – 20/20 Tiger Woods – golfer  Nick Brendon – actor (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) James Earl Jones- actor (Star Wars) Bruce Willis – actor (Die Hard)
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Ambrose,et al (1993) one or several major genes  responsible for stuttering  Cox (2000) Chromosomes 1,3,5,9,13 and 15  evidence for linkage of stuttering  Cox (2005) males chromosome 7 and females  only on chromosome 21  Organic theory – predisposition 
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Psychological Catalyst – trauma; conversion  reactions; anxiety; neurosis  Stuttering Personality- shaping personality   
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Fluency –  the flow of speech that is free of abnormal  interruptions or dysfluencies; seeming to be  effortlessly polished Stuttering –  characterized by an abnormally high  frequency or duration of stoppages in the forward  flow of speech; 3 components include core  behaviors, secondary behaviors and feelings and  attitudes Cluttering –  a fluency disorder with rapid rate, 
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4Fluency - HSLS240 Wright...

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