Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury - / Traumatic Brain Injury...

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Unformatted text preview: / Traumatic Brain Injury Orientation, Memory and Behavior Incidence of Brain Injury 0:. 500,00 persons in the United States 9:. Fastest growing injury in individuals between the ages of 16 — 25. 9:. 50% Automobile accidents '3 210/0 Falls 9:. 12% Assaults and Violence 9:» Drug and alcohol use and the risky behavior that accompanies these positively correlate with TBI. Alcoholism 0:. Heavy and / or binge drinking can lead to alcohol problems including alcoholism 0:. For women — heavy drinking is consuming an average of more than 1 drink per day 9:. Binge drinking is consuming 4 or more drinks on a single occasion, generally" within 2 hours. of 8 $76 Survey by National Institutes of Health 9:. 7 in 10 adults always drink at low—risk levels or do not drink at all 0:. 3 in 10 adults drink at levels that put them at risk for alcoholism, liver disease and other problems Alcohol Use in Adults Percentage of Adults I Always Low Risk I Don't Drink At AD I Drink at Heavy 01: Ext—risk Levels Types of Head Injury 0:. Open — When an object penetrates the skull and brain. Damage occurs when the object or projectile impacts and enters the brain. 9:. Closed — object impacts but does not penetrate the skull and brain. Damage occurs when the brain is forced to accelerate and decelerate. This causes tearing and shearing. it“ as Brain Injury Types 9:0 Focalized — damage to one identifiable part of the brain. 9:0 Diffuse — damage occurs in more than one site. 9:0 Coup Effect — damage occurs at the initial site of impact 01° Contra—coup— damage occurs on the opposite side of the initial impact ( recoil of brain) Communication Disorders 0:0 Site of damage determines patient’s communication disorder 9:. Aphasia caused by focalized damage occurs in approximately 6% of cases 0:. Major communication areas may be spared but there may still be language of confusion because of loss of consciousness Glasgow Coma 0:. Glasgow Coma Scale — used to measure the degree of the coma for a patient 0:. Bleasures eye—opening, motor response and Speech 0:. Scores range from 3 — 15. The higher the score the better the function Rancho Los Amigos Scale 0:. Used to help family members understand the process of recovery 0:. Assesses cognitive and behavioral functioning 9:. Measures eight cognitive levels: no response, confused, agitated, automatic and appropriate Amnesia 01° Memories of past events — retrograde 9:0 Inability to acquire new memories — anterograde Disorientation 0:. Loss of time 0:. Situation. 9:. Predicament 9:. Place Metacognition 0:. Monitoring of cognitive process — knowing how and when to attend to information and when and what to remember 0 v Executive functioning — knowing how to execute, regulate, plan and monitor behaviors and actions 0:0 Knowing when and how problems exist and strategies for solving them Behavior Problems 0:. Socially disinhibited 9:. Hypersexual 9:. Flat affect 9:. Response delay Communication Disorders 0:. Neurogenic :’ Motor speech disorders 9:. Communication acts '3 Memory orientation «Treatment 0:. Coma Stimulation 9:. Reality Orientation Simulation of a TBI 0:. wwwvoutubefiom 9:. MediVisuals 2D/3D Medical Animation: TBI Traumatic Brain Injury Part 2 ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2011 for the course HSLS 240 taught by Professor Wright during the Fall '10 term at Ohio University- Athens.

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Traumatic Brain Injury - / Traumatic Brain Injury...

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