Unformatted text preview: CSD 250 CSD 250 Speech Science
Vowels Last Time: Last Time: Sourcefilter theory
Supralaryngeal Filter Laryngeal Source Source + filter = output Source + filter = output SVT as SVT as compound filter/resonator Resonant frequencies: Frequencies at which acoustic energy generated at source can pass through SVT filter Also called natural frequencies Vowels & formants Vowels & formants Formants: Natural frequencies of the vocal tract Vowels are distinguished based on formant frequencies Radiation characteristics Radiation Bandwidth Bandwidth One person, two voices: One person, two voices: Tuvan singers Acoustic basis of two Acoustic basis of two pitches Aligning harmonics to Aligning harmonics to formants Vowel formants Vowel formants Vowel articulation: Vowel Charting tongue position Vowel acoustics: Vowel Charting formants Articulatoryacoustic Articulatoryacoustic relationship Vowel formants: Determined Vowel formants: Determined by articulation
1. 2. 3. (Tongue) frontback (Tongue) highlow Position of maximal constriction Crosssectional size of constriction Lip rounding Lowering formant frequencies Point/quantal vowels Point/quantal Present in almost all languages Frontback (F2) Highlow (F1) Acoustic energy is concentrated in specific frequency ranges Vowel space: Vowel space: Individual variability Adult male Adult female (triangle) Adolescents (circle)
Note: Plotted on logarithmic scale Seeing speech Seeing speech Waveform display Pitch extraction Spectrum Spectrogram Spectrogram Spectrogram What is it? How is it generated? What is it good for? – Shows time, frequency, and amplitude of speech – By sound spectrograph – Identifying formants and harmonics as a function of time Spectrogram Spectrogram He is a good baby. Another Spectrogram Another Spectrogram I owe you a yoyo. Anatomy of spectrogram Anatomy of spectrogram Wideband spectrogram: Wideband Showing formants Narrowband spectrogram: Narrowband Showing harmonics ...
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- Winter '10
- Vowel, spectrum, Spectrogram Spectrogram, formants Vowel formants