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exam 1 study guide

exam 1 study guide - General Psychology September 8 2010...

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General Psychology September 8, 2010 The Young Science The study of behavior and experience Psychologists date the beginning of psychology to 1879 - Wilhelm Wundt (father of experimental psychology) establishes a lab in the University of Leipzig, Germany - Wrote and researched tirelessly on the human experience - Edward Titchener , a student of Wundt) formalized structuralism (a perspective that attempted to describe the structures of the mind Everything is a bunch of stuff put together - Critics of structuralism stated that it had no real systematic way of researching problems - Structuralism relies heavily on introspection (what do you experience now) - Functionalism: studied how mental processes produced useful behaviors ( William James ) [studied the senses, how do we experience light?] Intelligent animals Delayed response study : rat with food and light: early comparative psychologists assessed animal intelligence with this Detour- around the fence (horse, rat, dog) Intelligence in humans: eventually we began to study human intelligence - Francis Galton: children of successful people become successful - Galton was a eugenicist: thought that smart and pretty people should procreate and ugly and dumb people shouldn’t The cure for our neuroses - Behaviorism: appeared to offer psychology a science-y way to study things—field of psychology that concentrates on observable , measurable behaviors and not on mental processes - Little Albert o John Watson said: give me any small baby, I will make it into anything I want BF Skinner- operant conditioning Gestalt psychology: Psychological perspective that emphasized out tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful words (whole is different from the sum of parts)—experience builds it Feature Detector theory: our bodies were built for it B.F. Skinner: American psychologist whose brand of behaviorism focused on the role of responses in learning (rewards and observations) (operant conditioning) Psychoanalysis: came out the same time as behaviorism (because of WWII and the holocaust) –how people are influenced by other people September 9, 2010 “We are all scientists” To be a scientist you need to follow the scientific method - May people lie or don’t know what they are talking about, where can we find the truth? - Mental structural difference with pathological liars Scientific Method: systematic way of devising, testing and interpreting falsifiable hypothesis; the best way to figure out if something is actually true - Falsifiable hypothesis replicate parsimonious results Why is it important that there is some weakness in a statement? - We want to find out who is lying - Falsifiability: to say a hypothesis is falsifiable, means that we can imagine a circumstance that would prove it wrong - The point is not to be right… The point is to find what’s true Falsifiable: “Superman is drawn taller than Batman in most of their crossover medias”
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Unfalsifiable: “Some people can run faster than a speeding bullet.” Scientists are empiricists:
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