General Psychology notes

General Psychology notes - General Psychology September 8,...

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Unformatted text preview: General Psychology September 8, 2010 The Young Science The study of behavior and experience 3 broad categories of psychology 1) Helping the individual: • Clinical psychologists- have a degree in clinical psychology and help people with problems (depression, marital issues) • Psychiatrists: have an MD and then have 4 years of training in psychiatry. Able to prescribe drugs • Psychoanalysts: provide therapy, based on theories of Freud and others • Clinical social worker: having a Master’s in Social Work • Counseling psychologists: help with educational, vocational, marriage, and health- related decisions. Generally work in institutions—but for individuals in the institution • Forensic psychologists: provide advice to police, lawyers and courts 2) Helping the Organization • Industrial/ organizational psychology: the study of people at work (often to maximize the productivity of individuals in the company • Human factors psychology: aimed to facilitate the operation of machinery (increasingly important in a more technological world) 3) Research in Psychology • Developmental psychology: study of how behavior changes with age (from womb to tomb) • Learning and Motivation: how behavior depends on the outcomes of past behaviors and current motivations (doesn’t like limes because of too much tequila) • Cognitive psychology: the study of thought processes and the acquisition of knowledge (pretend candy is made of plastic) • Biological psychology: the study of behavior as caused by biological factors (eats strong tasting foods now because he lost some taste buds) • Evolutionary psychology: the study of behavior in terms of the evolutionary history of the species (she likes sweet because it gave people energy to run) • Social psychology: the study of how the individual affects the group and vice versa (acting based on setting) • Cross- cultural psychology: compares the behavior of people from different cultures (she eats with her hands because she is Indian) Psychologists date the beginning of psychology to 1879- Wilhelm Wundt (father of experimental psychology) establishes a lab in the University of Leipzig, Germany- Wrote and researched tirelessly on the human experience- Edward Titchener, a student of Wundt) formalized structuralism (a perspective that attempted to describe the structures of the mind • Everything is a bunch of stuff put together- Critics of structuralism stated that it had no real systematic way of researching - Structuralism relies heavily on introspection (what do you experience now)- Functionalism: studied how mental processes produced useful behaviors (William James) [studied the senses, how do we experience light?]- Psychology came from psychology Psychology’s sibling is sociology Psychology wants to be a science Functionalism and Sensation- Research into sensation offered a way to be “science-y ” and still study human behavior and experience- Comparative psychologists were keenly interested in comparing different animal...
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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General Psychology notes - General Psychology September 8,...

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