Lecture 19 - Lecture 19 Wednesday 5:36 PM Doing Feeling an...

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Doing, Feeling an d (ReThinking) Motivation: Determines what you want and, often, what you do - Very much related to an individual's personality Emotion: internal (feeling) response to stimuli - Motivation and Emotion Have you ever done the wrong thing, only to think to yourself, "What's wrong with me?!" - The study of motivation is all about figuring out why we do (and fail to do) certain things - Goal- directed behavior Psychologists refer to it as the study of - Doing Bad things… A thermostat has an optimal preferred environment 1) When the environment is not optimal, it "acts" 2) http://dinamehta.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/800px-maslows_hierarchy_of_needssvg.png Screen clipping taken: 11/15/2010, 10:12 AM Thermostat basics - Humans have many little thermostats for every need - According to drive theories, motivation is an irritation that continues until we find a way to reduce it Drive: a state of unrest or irritation that energizes one behavior after another until one of them removes the irritation Drive theories - Drive reduction theories: humans act to reduce the difference between the current state (1500 calories) and the optimal state (2600 calories) - Homeostasis: the maintenance of an optimum level of biological conditions within an organism-- one place all the time (2600 calories) - Allostasis : defined as maintaining levels of biological conditions that vary according to an individual's need and circumstances--some now, some later (5000 calories now, 200 calories later) - Incentives: external stimuli that pull us toward certain actions
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Lecture 19 - Lecture 19 Wednesday 5:36 PM Doing Feeling an...

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