Lecture 21 - Lecture 21 Monday 10:18 AM 13.4 13.5 14.1...

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Interpersonal Attraction Proximity: closeness- we are more likely to become friends with people who live or work in proximity to us. - Mere exposure effect: the principle that the more often we come in contact with someone or something, the more we tend to like that person or object - Physical attractiveness is the first thing that people notice - Many illnesses decrease the attractiveness of someone, thus the "prettier" ones are usually the most healthy ones; however studies show the (in humans) physical attractiveness does not correlate with health - Romantic partners and close friends resemble each other in age, physical attractiveness, political and religious beliefs, intelligence, education and attitudes (smell can not be the same! This is meant to not be attracted to someone of close relation [brother, sister, etc.]) - Singles Ads in the newspaper shows that people who rate themselves high, will ask for high things in their partner; whereas if they think they are less attractive, they will set their partners bar not as high Exchange (Equity theories): social relationships are transactions in which partners exchange goods and services - Women are concerned with the men providing; whereas men are split between attractiveness and providing (monetarily) - Passionate love: sexual desire, romance, and friendship increass in parallel - Companionate love: marked by sharing, care, and protection - Attractiveness - Symmetry- facial symmetry- freedom from disease and "worthiness for mating" - More similar to "averageness" One indicator of health and strength-- but it does not mean it is healthier Why attractive? Establishing Relationships People se norms that define the expectations of a situation - People influence us just by suggesting a possible action - Conformity: altering one's behavior to match other people's behavior or expectations - Solomon Asch: asked a group of students to look at vertical bars; however, only one student was a real participant. 37 out of the 50 participants conformed to the wrong answer - China and Japan are often describes as "collectivists" rather than America's "individualists. (Western culture wants individuality, competition and individual freedom whereas Eastern culture favors subordination of the individual to the welfare of the family or society - Philip Zimbardo: Stanford Prison experiment--conformity. Why should you play prison nicely? - Milgram Experiment: developed a study in which participants were told - Interpersonal Influence 13.4, 13.5, 14.1 Lecture 21 Monday, November 29, 2010 10:18 AM Psychology Page 1
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that they needed to "teach" another participant a series of word pairs; if they got it wrong, they got a shock Research finds that a group generally makes better decisions than the average individual - Group polarization: if nearly all the people who compose a group lean in the same direction on a particular issue, then a group discussion will
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 21 - Lecture 21 Monday 10:18 AM 13.4 13.5 14.1...

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