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Module 2 and 3notes

Module 2 and 3notes - Module 2 Introductory Chapter Wilhelm...

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Module 2: Introductory Chapter Wilhelm Wundt: founder of modern psychology E.B. Titchener: Founder of structuralism (Wundt’s student) Structuralism: theory that the structure of conscious experience could be understood by analyzing the basic elements of thoughts and sensations Gestalt psychology: Psychological perspective that emphasized out tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful words (whole is different from the sum of parts) William James: First American psychologist and author of the first psychology textbook Functionalism: theory that emphasized the functions of consciousness or the way consciousness helps people adapt to their environment Sigmund Freud: founder of psychoanalysis - Freudian slip: misstatement reflective of something you’d like to say Psychoanalysis: theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. - focused on abnormal behavior (unconscious drives and conflicts often stemming from childhood) - relied on personal observation and reflection - Psychodynamic theory : modernized version of Freud’s original theories; unconscious thoughts, inner conflicts, and childhood experiences significantly affect out personality and behaviors Ian Pavlov: Russian physiologist who showed that animals learn some things through association John B. Watson: founder of behaviorism. Behaviorism: the theory that psychology should only study observable behaviors, not mental processes B.F. Skinner: American psychologist whose brand of behaviorism focused on the role of responses in learning (rewards and observations) Humanistic psychology:
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