Fri February 25
Julius Caesar: a New Roman Hero
: invasion of Italy:
battle of Pharsalus:
How did Julius Caesar use his campaign in Gaul to solidify his position both with his soldiers and with the Roman
electorate back home?
How did the almost contemporary deaths of Crassus and Julia spell the end of the First Triumvirate?
According to Plutarch, how did Caesar prevail at the battle of Pharsalus, despite having less than half of Pompey’s
What legislation did Julius Caesar pass as dictator?
battle of Pharsalus; Julius Caesar's dictatorship
Mon February 28
Death throes of the Republic: Second Triumvirate and Cleopatra
Antony," 16-29, 50-54; 58.
Who were Antony and Octavian with respect to Julius Caesar?
Why was the Second Triumvirate so different from the First?
Why does Plutarch disapprove of Antony's relationship with Cleopatra?
According to Plutarch, what was the decisive moment during the Battle of Actium?
Second Triumvirate; Antonius (Antony); Battle of Actium
Escapism through poetry
4, and Horace,
4, what will happen to the world when the "boy" becomes a "man"?
What human activities does Virgil portray as representative of human sin?
What is the only remedy to the crisis of civil war Horace can propose in
Which features of Horace’s utopia do you find that resemble that of Virgil,
social commentary of
4; social commentary of
Augustus’ “restoration” of the Republic
, p. 49)
Octavian becomes "Augustus," with pseudo-dictatorial powers:
; balancing act between Senate, army, and
Which two magistracies