31_religion - WEST EAST Cybele ( evocatio in 204 BC: CP, p....

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Unformatted text preview: WEST EAST Cybele ( evocatio in 204 BC: CP, p. 49) Initiation ceremony into the rites of Dionysus , from the Villa of the Mysteries, in Pompeii Silenus Satyrs Dionysus Initiation goddess INITIATION PRIVATE / SECRETIVE / RURAL COMMUNION / INTIMACY EXPIATION leads to REDEMPTION Mithras, from Parthia ether god kills bull of death dog, snake, scorpion try to lap up bulls life-giving blood helped by Sun, Mithras drags bull into cave, before it escapes and he hunts it down and kills it Isi s, fro m Egy pt sistrum Isis and Horus Isis husband Osiris is dismembered by evil Set. Isis tears flood the Nile. She tracks down the pieces, and makes the genitals herself. From dead Osiris is born Horus. Isis responds to Lucius prayer ( CP, p. 40): In this awesome shape the goddess, wafting over me all the blessed perfumes of Arabia, deigned to answer me in her own voice: I come, Lucius, moved by your prayers : I, mother of the universe, mistress of all the elements, first-born of the ages, highest of the gods, queen of the Shades, first of those who dwell in Heaven, representing in one shape all gods and goddesses . My will controls the shining heights of heaven , the health-giving sea-winds , and the mournful silences of the Underworld ; the entire world worships my single divinity in a thousand shapes, with countless rituals, and under many a different name. The Phrygians, first-born of mankind, call me the Pessinuntian Mother of the gods; the native Athenians the Cecropian Minerva; the island-dwelling Cypriots Paphian Venus; the archer Cretans Dictynnan Diana; the triple-tongued Sicilians Stygian Proserpina; the ancient Eleusinians Actaean Ceres; some call me Juno, some Bellona, others Hecate, others Rhamnusia; but both races of...
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2011 for the course CLAS 146 taught by Professor Solomon during the Spring '11 term at Vanderbilt.

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31_religion - WEST EAST Cybele ( evocatio in 204 BC: CP, p....

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