Anthro MT2 Review - Anthro 2AC Reading Johnson 1999 V HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY 3 Processual or New Archaeology(1960-1980 B Cultural

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1 Anthro 2AC Reading: Johnson 1999 2/23/11 V. HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY 3. Processual or New Archaeology (1960-1980); B. Cultural Evolution (Multilinear) Cross-Cultural Regularities vs. Particularities Micro/Macro Scales, Broader Generalities or General Processes; No longer emphasize Diffusion C. Techno-Environmental Explanations, Cultural Materialism, Cultural Adaptations, Prime Movers (Technology/ Environment), 3 Premises of Model: i) Infrastructure affects other Cultural Components ii) Relatively few Options for Cultural Adaptations? iii) Systems Approach; Feedback Cycles; Evolutionary Fitness – Social Form of Darwinian Natural Selection; Arch. are Comfortable with Cultural Materialism: Environ. + Technology D. 5 New Developments (1960-1980) i) New Definition of Culture (Stress Variation) People Participated in Cultures Differentially Lewis Binford; Southwest Pithouses -emphasize variation – community pattern, households ii) Archaeological Context; Walter Taylor, Conjunctive Approach, Activity Areas; Spatial Association of Artifacts vs Modal Types; 3 Dimensional Provenience; Behavioral Approach iii) Scientific Method – Hypothesis Testing Equifinality, Multiple Working Hypotheses 1 Anthro 2 Reading: Johnson 1999 2/25/11 V. HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY
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3. Processual or New Archaeology (1960-1980); D. 5 New Developments (1960-1980) iv) Scale of Analysis – Micro or Local Scale; Macro Regional Scale - Gordon Willey (Viru Valley), Regional Settlement Patterns v)Expansion of Field; Anthropology Depts. Grow Cultural Resource Management, Job Growth Women in Field; growing diversity in field E. SUMMARY of Processual Archaeology 4. Postprocessual Archaeology (1980-2011) A. Introduction; Ian Hodder, Criticism of Processual Archaeology, Not Unified School, Diversity B. 7 Major Developments: i. Shift Away from Cultural Evolution; Not Happy w/ Emphasis on Cross-Cultural Generalizations;Re- emergence of Cultural Relativism ii. Problem with Cultural Materialism (Techno Environmental Models), Too Materialistic; Stress -Primary Role of Social Relations, Ideology iii. Agency in Archaeology; Not Robots;Faceless Blobs a) Etic or Outsider’s Perspective, Behavior b) Emic or Insider’s Perspective – Actions (of Past People), Cultural Relativism, Cultural Meanings, Cognitive Model of Culture, Active Agents iv. Micro-Scales Of Analysis; 1 Anth 2 Read: Johnson 99, Ashmore ch 9 2/28/11 V. HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY 4. Postprocessual Archaeology (1980-2011) iv. Micro-Scales Of Analysis; Households,
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Individuals; Practice Oriented Approaches (Daily Practices of Past People) v. Symbols in Action, Organization of Space, James Deetz (case example) – architecture, ceramics; Communal to Individuals vi. Critical Theory (Mark Leone) Biases of Present; Subjectivity; Arch. Remains are Contemporary Phenomena; Multiple Ways to Interpret the Past; Self-Reflexive; Socio-Politics of Archaeology; Example: CRM Today vii. Feminist Approaches in Archaeology Bias Correction; Discrimination; How Define Sex
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2AC taught by Professor Wilkie during the Spring '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Anthro MT2 Review - Anthro 2AC Reading Johnson 1999 V HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY 3 Processual or New Archaeology(1960-1980 B Cultural

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