Theater Final Exam - T heater Final Exam People of Theater...

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Theater Final Exam People of Theater 1. Aristotle a. Born through competition b. The Poetics – wrote a book on how to write a comedy and tragedy, based on plays by Sophocles, book on comedy was lost c. Thespis – first actor d. Dithyrambs – Greek hymn, origin of tragedy a. First theater critic b. “Tragedy is a good man who commits a grave error” e. “Poetry is a medium of imitation” – representation of life f. Wrote format for dramatic theater g. Ode – song/poem glorifying a person or event 2. Robert Edmund Jones a. Began with cavemen, acted things out when words could not describe b. “The Dramatic Imagination” – spontaneous inspiration 3. Sophocles Conventions 1. The Fourth Wall – imaginary wall between stage and audience, “Breaking the Fourth Wall” is when the actors addresses the audience 2. Aside – character break off from conversation to address audience, then begins conversation again 3. Soliloquy – one character on stage speaking inner-most thoughts (“Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow”) 4. Outer-Directed Monologue – when a character talks for a sustained amount of time to another character or characters 5. Character Analysis:
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a. Given Circumstances – facts about the character that cannot be disputed (age, gender, occupation, relationships) b. Super-Objective – what a character wants or needs that drives them through all or most of the play c. Tactics – what a character is willing to do to achieve a goal d. Motivation – reasons for actions, must be interpreted at times, as many characters don’t openly discuss their motivations e. Values – what a character believes to be true and important, no character has “no values” 6. Elements of a Story/Dramatic Structure: Types of Asian Theater A. Sanskrit Theater (India) 1. Bharata a. Theater was a gift from the Gods b. Highly codified (very specific) c. No concept of tragedy (reincarnation – no such thing as death) d. Natya Sastra e. Ramayana
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