Theater Final Exam

Theater Final Exam - T heater Final Exam People of Theater...

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Theater Final Exam People of Theater 1. Aristotle a. Born through competition b. The Poetics – wrote a book on how to write a comedy and tragedy, based on plays by Sophocles, book on comedy was lost c. Thespis – first actor d. Dithyrambs – Greek hymn, origin of tragedy a. First theater critic b. “Tragedy is a good man who commits a grave error” e. “Poetry is a medium of imitation” – representation of life f. Wrote format for dramatic theater g. Ode – song/poem glorifying a person or event 2. Robert Edmund Jones a. Began with cavemen, acted things out when words could not describe b. “The Dramatic Imagination” – spontaneous inspiration 3. Sophocles a. Used 3 actors b. Chorus had 15 people c. Creates Aristotle’s “model tragedy” d. Antigone and Oedipus Conventions 1. The Fourth Wall – imaginary wall between stage and audience, “Breaking the Fourth Wall” is when the actors addresses the audience 2. Aside – character break off from conversation to address audience, then begins conversation again 3. Soliloquy – one character on stage speaking inner-most thoughts (“Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow”) 4. Outer-Directed Monologue – when a character talks for a sustained amount of time to another character or characters 5. Character Analysis:
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a. Given Circumstances – facts about the character that cannot be disputed (age, gender, occupation, relationships) b. Super-Objective – what a character wants or needs that drives them through all or most of the play c. Tactics – what a character is willing to do to achieve a goal d. Motivation – reasons for actions, must be interpreted at times, as many characters don’t openly discuss their motivations e. Values – what a character believes to be true and important, no character has “no values” 6. Elements of a Story/Dramatic Structure: a. Exposition (before) – background info before play to better understanding of the story b. Inciting Incident – event that triggers rest of play, “what makes that day different than all others” c. Rising Action – events after inciting incident leading up to climax d. Climax – final battle between protagonist and antagonist e. Resolution – events after climax, “ties up loose ends” Types of Asian Theater A. Sanskrit Theater (India) 1. Bharata a. Theater was a gift from the Gods b. Highly codified (very specific) c. No concept of tragedy (reincarnation – no such thing as death) d. Natya Sastra e. Ramayana 2. Mahbharata a. Great tale of the Bharata Dynasty, civil war within a family b. Longest epic poem in the world (1.8 million words) c. Often textually altered depending on where it is being performed d. 4 Hindu Points:
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i. Dharma – just action ii. Artha – purpose iii. Kama – pleasure iv. Moksha – liberation e. Story within a story B. Asian Theater (Japan) 1. Noh Theater a. Men play all the roles b. Celebration of the samurai and epic battles 2. Kabuki Theater a. Celebrates the common people b. Created by woman in 1600s, yet woman were eventually
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Theater Final Exam - T heater Final Exam People of Theater...

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