2011zS_Assig_5 (1)

2011zS_Assig_5 (1) - Score: _ out of 8 (= 24 points 3)...

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Score: _____ out of 8 (= 24 points ÷ 3) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 5 Name: Sasha Beacham TA: O’flynn Section: Friday 9 1. (3 points) Below are two maps, one showing how Roman soldiers were pronouncing the words for ‘two’, ‘three’, ‘four’ in various parts of the Roman Empire in about 100 B.C. and the other showing how those words are pronounced by people living in the same regions today. 100 B.C. 2011 A.D. YOUR TASK : (a) Find a sentence or part of a sentence in Pinker, pp. 248-249, that accounts for the linguistic UNITY OF L ATIN in the Roman period but the DIVERSITY OF THE MODERN R OMANCE LANGUAGES ; (b) state very briefly ( ONE OR TWO SENTENCES AT MOST !) how Pinker’s more general account applies to the specific case of Latin and the Romance languages. (Answer in the box at the top of the next page.)
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Linguistics 1, Assignment 5, p. 2 (a). “Though people modified their language every generation, the extent of these changes is slight: vastly more sounds are preserved than mutated, more construction is analyzed than reanalyzed. Because of this overall conservatism, some patterns of vocabulary, sounds, grammar survive for millennia. They serve as the fossilized tracks of mass migration in the remote past, clues to how human beings spread out over the earth to end up where we find them today.” (b) It applies because even though Latin was spoken in different regions and changed as we see region to region and as time went by the basics are still present. The basics can refer to sounds, grammar, and vocabulary similarities amongst the languages in which enables us to tract back to the origin of the language. 2. (6 points) Learned vs. innate features of language. Below are some linguistic features of Russian. Check the LEARNED box or the INNATE box depending on whether the feature is something a child acquiring Russian as a first language would have to learn from listening to other Russian speakers or would already “know” because of an innate language instinct. NOTE
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2011zS_Assig_5 (1) - Score: _ out of 8 (= 24 points 3)...

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