an adjective derived from apocalypse, it typically refers to visions of the unseen world, such as God’s
heavenly throne, the habitation of angels, or the Underworld, as well as to the Deity’s future plans for human history
The language of the Arameans (ancient Syrians), a West Semitic tounge used in parts of Mesopotamia
from about 1000 BCE. After the Babylonian captivity, it became the common language of Palestinian Jews and was
probably the language spoken by Jesus
A vow, agreement, or contract b/w two parties, a model of the relationship b/w God and his people.
Exodus, Yahweh makes a covenant with Israel in which the people agree to obey all his laws and instruction and to
worship him exclusively
Beliefs about the supernaturally directed destiny of humanity and the universe; from the Greek word
meaning “study of last things”.
Associated with an apocalyptic worldview, it has both personal and general
applications: 1. Beliefs about the individual soul following death, including divine judgment, heaven, hell, and
resurrection. 2. Larger concerns about the fate of the cosmos, including convictions about a divinely guided renewal
of the world and human society in the near future or in the present
1. The Christian message, literally meaning “good news.” 2. The literary form of Christian narratives about
Jesus or compilations of his teachings
A Hebrew term meaning “anointed one,” designating a king or priest of ancient Israel who had been
consecrated by having holy oil poured on his head, making him as set apart for a special role.
Christians later come
to define it as Christ.
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible, the Torah; from a Greek work meaning “five scrolls.”
A Greek edition of the Hebrew Bible traditionally attributed to seventy or seventy-two Palestinian
scholars during the reign of Ptolemy II, but actually the work of several generations of Alexandrine translators,
begun about 250 BCE and not completed until the first century CE.
The later additions to it were deleted from the
standard Hebrew Bible but included in the Old Testament as the Apocrypha
The Pentateuch and in a general sense all the Hebrew canonical writings, which are traditionally regarded as
a direct oracle, or revelation, from Yahweh.
A translation of the sacred name of Israel’s God, represented almost 7,000 times in the canonical Hebrew
Bible by the four consonants of the tetragrammaton
1. A list of books that a religious community finds sacred and authoritative. 2. A standard by which
religious beliefs or documents are judged acceptable
A widespread and extremely diverse movement in early Christianity.
Followers believed that salvation
is gained through a special knowledge revealed through a spiritual savior and is the property of an elite few who
have been initiated into its mysteries.