Theo Test 2 Study Guide
Chapter 8: Gospel of Matthew
1. Author, date, place of composition, sources, audience of Matthew. 154 etc.
Author: Traditionally Matthew, one
of the Twelve.
Because the writer uses Mark as his primary source, scholars believe it unlikely that he was an
apostolic witness to the events he describes.
The work is anonymous.
The 80s CE
Place: Probably Antioch in Syria, site of a large Jewish and Jewish-Christian community.
Sources: Mark, Q, and special Matthean material (M)
Audience: Greek-speaking Jewish Christians and Gentiles
who were, at least partly, Torah Observant.
2. Compare the genealogies of Jesus in Matthew and Luke. 153-155
Matthew starts his account with a genealogy
that associates Jesus with the most prominent heroes of ancient Israel, such as Abraham and King David.
to establish Jesus’ messianic credentials and present his birth as the climax of Israelite history.
Jesus’ family tree in three distinct segments, each representing a particular phase of the biblical story.
He does this
in 14 generation segments.
Luke compiled a strikingly different genealogy, which clouds the issue of Jesus’ Davidic
He uses many names not on Matthew’s list, such as his paternal grandfather was Heli (not Jacob).
4. What is Matthew’s attitude toward Jewish Law? 159
He refers to Jerusalem’s destruction as an accomplished
The author’s hostility to the Jewish leadership and references to “their” synagogues may suggest that he wrote
after the Christians already had been expelled from Jewish meeting places.
He aims to demonstrate Jesus’
credentials as Israel’s true Messiah and interpreter of Mosaic Torah.
7. How does Matthew use the Hebrew Scriptures in his infancy narrative? 161-165
Matthew constructs his account
with phrases and incidents taken from the Hebrew Bible.
He fulfills the ancient biblical tests’ prophecies/scriptures.
For instance, he says Jesus is born to a virgin, which was originally “young woman” but the translation was wrong.
Also, “wise men” visit the infant Jesus by following the star, as it was commonly believed that the appearance of
unusual celestial bodies, such as comets or falling stars, heralded the occurrence of major events on earth.
also parallels Moses infancy when writing Jesus’ as they both survived the ruler’s murderous schemes to kill “God’s
9. How does Matthew present Jesus as a new Moses throughout? 167
Jesus has a sermon on the mount (Moses
seated on Mount Sinai).
Matthew emphasizes Jesus’ crucial roles as upholder and interpreter of the Mosaic Law.
12. Explain the concept of “hell” in Jewish, Greek and New Testament traditions. 171
Jews think it is a bleak
subterranean region where the dead, good and bad alike, subsist only as impotent shadows.
thought like Jews but then separated Hades into separate regions, one a paradise for the virtuous, and the other a
place of punishment for the wicked.
The New Testament never says Hell, but it refers to it in the Synoptic Gospels