ch01sm - Chapter 1 The Financial Manager and the Firm...

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1 Chapter 1 The Financial Manager and the Firm Critical Thinking Questions 1.1 Describe the cash flows between a firm and its stakeholders. Cash flows are generated by a firm’s productive assets that were purchased through either issuing debt or raising equity. These assets generate revenues through the sale of goods and services. A portion of this revenue is then used to pay wages and salaries to employees, pay suppliers, pay taxes, and pay interest on the borrowed money. The leftover money, residual cash, is then either reinvested back in the business or is paid out to stockholders in the form of dividends. 1.2 What are the three fundamental decisions financial management team is concerned with, and how do they affect the firm’s balance sheet? The primary financial management decisions every company faces are capital budgeting decisions, financing decisions, and working capital management decisions. Capital budgeting addresses the question of which productive assets to buy; thus, it affects the asset side of the balance sheet. Financing decisions focus on raising the money the firm needs to buy productive assets. This is typically accomplished by selling long-term debt and equity. Finally, working capital decisions involve how firms manage their current
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