RPH CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOGS.docx - READINGS IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY 2nd Preliminary 2nd Semester A.Y 2019-2020 JUAN DE PLASENCIA CUSTOMS OF THE

RPH CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOGS.docx - READINGS IN PHILIPPINE...

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P ag e 1 READINGS IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY 2 nd Preliminary, 2 nd Semester A.Y. 2019-2020 JUAN DE PLASENCIA: CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOGS (First Source) Background of the Author Born to the illustrious family of Portocarreros in Plasensia in the region of Extremadura, Spain in the early 16th century. He was one of the seven children of Pedro Portocarrero, a captain of a Spanish schooner. Juan de Plasencia grew up during the period known as the Siglo de Oro, a Golden Age when arts and literature flourished in many parts of Spain, among them his native Extremadura. Fray Joan de Puerto Carrero, del convento de Villanueva de la Serena – was his real name. Arrival in the Philippines Fray Juan de Plasencia came together with the first batch of Franciscan missionaries in the Philippines. Arrived at a port in Cavite, a few kilometers south of Manila on the 2nd of July 1578. Purpose: Relacion de las Costumbres and Instruccion To put an end to some injustices being committed against the natives by certain government officials. “The chronicler, Francis enemies, and so I can hardly express the sadness I feel any time the news of such incidents reach my ears or I myself am involved; however, if one is to choose between enmity and friendship and between peace and war, I believe enmity is to be preferred. For considering the kind of persons most of the alcaldes mayores are nowadays, nothing indicates that friendship with them will help the missions in any way. On the contrary, it will destroy them. Because, as I have observed, you can hardly find one that is not blinded and moved by greediness, thus destroying his own soul as well as the lives and possessions of the poor Indians.” HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE DOCUMENT Social Classes 1. Chieftain (Datu) – Chief, captain of wars, whom governed, obeyed and reverenced. 2. Nobles (Maharlika) – Free-born, they do not pay taxes 3. Commoners (Aliping Namamahay) – They live in their own houses and lords of their property and gold. 4. Slaves (Aliping Saguiguilir) – They serve their master in his house and his cultivated lands and can be sold. Houses – Made of wood, bamboo, and nipa palm. Mode of Dressing MALE 1. Headgear is called Putong (symbolizes the number of persons the wearer had killed) 2. (Upper) a jacket with short sleeves called kanggan 3. (Lower) bahag FEMALE 1. (Upper) Baro or Camisa 2. (Lower) Saya Ornaments – A decorative object or detail that adds quality or distinction to a person, place or thing. Government – The unit of government is called Barangay ruled by a chieftain, and consist of 30 to 100 families together with their relatives and slaves. Administration of Justice The chieftain’s executive function includes implementing laws, ensuring order and giving protection to his subject.
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