Page1READINGS IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY2ndPreliminary, 2ndSemesterA.Y. 2019-2020JUAN DE PLASENCIA: CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOGS(First Source)Background of the AuthorBorn to the illustrious family of Portocarreros in Plasensia in the region of Extremadura, Spain in the early 16th century. He was one of the seven children of Pedro Portocarrero, a captain of a Spanish schooner.Juan de Plasencia grew up during the period known as theSiglo de Oro, a Golden Age when arts and literature flourished in many parts of Spain, among them his native Extremadura.Fray Joan de Puerto Carrero, del convento de Villanueva de la Serena– was his real name.Arrival in the PhilippinesFray Juan de Plasencia came together with the first batch of Franciscan missionaries in the Philippines.Arrived at a port in Cavite, a few kilometers south of Manila on the 2nd of July 1578.Purpose: Relacion de las Costumbres and InstruccionTo put an end to some injustices being committed against the natives by certain government officials.“The chronicler, Francis enemies, and so I can hardly express the sadness I feel any time the news of such incidents reach my ears or I myself am involved; however, if one is to choose between enmity and friendship and between peace and war,I believe enmity is to be preferred. For considering the kind of persons most of the alcaldes mayores are nowadays, nothing indicates that friendship with them will help the missions in any way. On the contrary, it will destroy them. Because, as I have observed, you can hardly find one that is not blinded and moved by greediness, thus destroying his own soul as well as the lives and possessions of the poor Indians.”HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE DOCUMENTSocial Classes1.Chieftain (Datu)– Chief, captain of wars, whom governed, obeyed and reverenced.2.Nobles (Maharlika) – Free-born, they do not pay taxes3.Commoners (Aliping Namamahay) – They live in their own houses and lords of their property and gold.4.Slaves (Aliping Saguiguilir) – They serve their master in his house and his cultivated lands and can be sold.Houses– Made of wood, bamboo, and nipa palm.Mode of DressingMALE 1.Headgear is called Putong (symbolizes the number ofpersons the wearer had killed)2.(Upper) a jacket with short sleeves called kanggan3.(Lower) bahagFEMALE1.(Upper) Baro or Camisa2.(Lower) SayaOrnaments– A decorative object or detail that adds quality or distinction to a person, place or thing.Government– The unit of government is called Barangayruled by a chieftain, and consist of 30 to 100 families together with their relatives and slaves.Administration of JusticeThe chieftain’s executive function includes implementing laws, ensuring order and giving protection to his subject.