Chapter_12_Children_and_Adolescents

Chapter_12_Children_and_Adolescents - Chapter12...

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Chapter 12 Children and Adolescents: Nutrition Issues, Services, and  Programs
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Children and Health “Children are one-third of our population  and all of our future”   Select Panel for the Promotion of Child Health, 1981
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Definitions Children are considered to be youth  ages 1-11 years Adolescents are considered to be youth  ages 12-19 years
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New Perils for Youth Motor vehicle accidents Suicide  Homicide Abuse Sexually transmitted disease Substance abuse Exposure to environmental pollutants  Overweight & obese children and adolescents
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Nutrition-Related Problems of  Children and Youth Under-nutrition short stature (  5 th  percentile length or height-for-age,  CDC growth charts) underweight (< 5 th  percentile weight-for-length/BMI-for- age) Over-nutrition overweight (≥85 th  BMI percentile and < 95 th  BMI  percentile) obesity (≥ 95 th  BMI percentile) Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia
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Healthy People 2020 Nutrition Objectives  Which Relate to Children Adolescent Health Early and Middle Childhood Injury and Violence Protection Maternal, Infant, and Child Health Nutrition and Weight Status Oral Health Physical Activity
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Adolescent Health Goal: Improve the healthy development,  health, safety, and well-being of adolescents  and young adults
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Early and Middle Childhood Goal: Document and track population-based  measures of health and well-being for early  and middle childhood populations over time in  the United States.
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HP2010 2006 Progress  Report (p395) Moved toward the objective prevalence of growth retardation proportion of adolescents who participate  in daily physical activity
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HP2010 2006 Progress  Report Moved away from the objective iron deficiency in 3-4 yr olds proportion of children who were overweight  or obese proportion of persons who consume no  more than 30% of their calories from total  fat and 10% from saturated fat
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HP2010 2006 Progress  Report No change between 2000 and 2006 fruit, vegetable, and whole grain  consumption calcium intake
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Children and Adolescent Diets Healthy Eating Index (HEI) Diet quality declines as children age Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, USDA 2001
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Chapter_12_Children_and_Adolescents - Chapter12...

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