s_Erotic_History

s_Erotic_History - CHARITON S EROTIC HI S TORY J EAN A...

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Unformatted text preview: CHARITON S EROTIC HI S TORY J EAN A LVARE S I T I S CLEAR THAT NUMEROU S PER S ONAGE S and e v ent s o f Cha i r e a s and Ca lli r ho e a r e e i the r taken d i r e c t ly f r om h is to r y o r a r e i n s ome w a y ba s ed on h is to r i o g r aph ic a l mate r i a ls. 1 The w o r k ha s been c on si de r ed a h is to r ic a l r oman c e , 2 y et i t s m ix tu r e o f g enu i ne h is to r ic a l f a c t , g r o ss i na c- c u r a ci e s, ana c h r on is m s o f Cha r i ton s pe r i od , 3 and r e fl e c t i on s o f d r ama , o r ato r y, and ep ic 4 s u gg e s t s to s ome that Cha r i ton me r e ly a i m s to p r o- vi de a g ene r a l c o l ou r i n g o f G r eek h is to r y, to t i t ill ate the r eade r s (Rea r don 1996, 327 ) . I be li e v e Cha r i ton had l a r g e r a i m s. Bu il d i n g upon the i n sig ht s o f Ed w a r d s ( 1987, 2951 ) i nto ho w Cha r i ton dep ic t s Aph r o- d i te s i n fl uen c e upon po li t ics and s o ci et y, I c on si de r he r e ho w Cha r i ton adapt s f am ili a r e l ement s f r om h is to r y i n o r de r to p r o vi de a c on t r a st to 1 Fo r e x amp l e , He r mo c r ate s, A r is ton , S tat i r a , and A r ta x e r x e s a r e h is to r ic a l fig- u r e s. M i th r i date s ma y r e c a ll a M i th r i date s that , a cc o r d i n g to Kte si a s, S tat i r a he l ped be- c ome s at r ap . The E gy pt i an r ebe lli on p r obab ly r e c a lls the r e v o l t o f 404 B . C . and Cha i r ea s the Athen i an Chab r i a s w ho f ou g ht f o r K i n g Ta c ho s a r ound 360 B . C . Cha i r ea s vic to r i e s r e- c a ll A l e x ande r s c onque s t o f T y r e and the Athen i an de f eat o f the Pe r si an na vy. S ee Ba r t sc h 1934, 134; Sc hme li n g 1974, 5156, 7680; Z i mme r man 1961; P l epe li t s 1976, 1617; Pe rr y 1967, 7778; Hunte r 1994, 105561; S a l mon 1961. 2 On Cha i r e a s and Ca lli r ho e a s a h is to r ic a l no v e l s ee H gg 1987; a ls o Ru iz Monte r o 1996, 47. 3 I fi nd c on vi n ci n g a date i n the ea r ly Emp i r e , but be f o r e the b l o ss om i n g o f Att i- cis m and the S e c ond S oph is t ic, mo s t p r obab ly m i d to l ate fi r s t c entu r y A . D . S ee Pe rr y 1967, 1089; P l epe li t s 1976, 8; Ru iz Monte r o 1980, 6467; Rea r don 1996, 31925. 4 M i th r i date s t r i a l be f o r e the G r eat K i n g be s t demon s t r ate s th is m ix tu r e . Fo r e x- amp l e , the c ou r t s ea g e r ne ss to s ee Ca lli r hoe r e c a lls the appea r an c e o f Pene l ope be f o r e the s u i to r s i n Od yssey 18 and the T eic ho s kop i a o f I li ad 3. The t r i a l i t s e lf c omb i ne s t r ad i- t i ona l c on c ept i on s o f the G r eat K i n g a s j ud g e , t r an sl at i on s o f Roman adm i n is t r at iv e p r a c- t ic e ( s u c h a s the i mpe r i a l c on ve n t u s ) i nto a Pe r si an s ett i n g, and deta ils o f g ene r ic G r eek l e g a l p r a c t ic e , s...
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s_Erotic_History - CHARITON S EROTIC HI S TORY J EAN A...

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