CE 11 Study Guide 3 - HO #24: Fossil Fuels Petroleum...

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HO #24: Fossil Fuels Petroleum (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, jet fuel, bunker fuel), natural gas, coal (bituminous, anthracite) Primary energy: non-renewable: Coal, natural gas, petroleum, uranium; renewable: sunlight, wind, geothermal heat, biomass) Secondary energy: Electricity, Gasoline, Kerosene, Diesel, Fuel. Conversion efficiency: what percentage of primary energy is transformed into secondary energy. Energy Units: 1 barrel of crude oil = 42 gal = 6.12*10^9 J = 5.8*10^6 BTU 1 Quad = 10^15 BTU = different amounts of oil/coal/natural gas equivalent. Advantages of Fossil Fuel-Based Economy: long history of use, extensive infrastructure, "efficient" conversion of petroleum into derivatives Disadvantages: >80% of GHG emissions come from combustion of fossil fuels. Also, the combustion releases NOx, SO2, and VOCs into the air. Improper waste disposal make pollute water and soil. Plus economic dependence. Cogeneration (combined heat and power): Use of a power station to simultaneously
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2011 for the course CE 11 taught by Professor Horvath during the Spring '11 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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CE 11 Study Guide 3 - HO #24: Fossil Fuels Petroleum...

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