anthro101lec29.0328.y08

anthro101lec29.0328.y08 - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 Marriage...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101 03.28.08 Marriage (Background Notes) [Note: These notes will provide more background on the specifically “marriage” portion of today’s lecture – in the PowerPoint slides for today, I link the discussion of marriage to a consideration of moral community, decline, and religion by referring to the Tamang conversion story. I do this to emphasize the holism of anthropology in which any topic is immediately connected to another – so you can see how the questions we pose (such as: “What does Sirman’s utterance mean?” or "What does it mean for a way of life to bresak down?") get us immediately into connections with context and meaning. More to come in later lecture as we finish up the conversion story as another example of cultural “breakdown” and change.] I. Marriage A. Having run through the basics of descent and kinship terminology , we're ready to talk about marriage , one of the important ways that people in simpler or tribal societies are able to forge links between corporate groups. B. Back to McHugh’s book for some examples: 1. Clan Torr is Tson’s “clan home” (Belongs to a descent group) 2. Marriage Tson’s marriage: how she didn’t know (parental choice or A arranged marriage”) Ama’s marriage to Apa (example of levirate) Exchanges between Torr and Tebas 3. Exchange Marriage “Bilateral cross-cousin marriage” Blood and Bone: The basis of marriage exchange (how theories of personhood are important) C. Key Concepts: Marriage How defined? Is it cross-culturally valid concept? Elementary Forms (Alliance) (Levi-Strauss) II. First problem is a definition. .. How can a definition be put together that will include Nuer "ghost marriages," Nayar 1
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ANTHROPOLOGY 101 03.28.08 Marriage (Background Notes) marriages in which a woman doesn't even live with her husband and takes on a series of lovers, North American serial monogamy and the variety of other possibilities? A. One possibility offered by an anthropologist named Kathleen Gough who worked with the Nayar: "Marriage is a relationship established between a woman and one or more other persons, which provides that a child born to a woman under circumstances not prohibited by the rules of the relationship, is recorded full birth-status rights common to normal members of his society or social stratum." --> this definition includes an awful lot and all the cases we've been talking about, but it also focuses on marriage as an institution in which procreation occurs. .. :does that mean that relationships without children, or relationships before
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anthro101lec29.0328.y08 - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 Marriage...

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