Experiment_1.0_JAN_2010 - UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR MALAYSIAN...

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UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL Organic Chemistry CLD 10302 EXPERIMENT 1 Synthesis and Characterization of Alkane, Alkene and Alkyne (Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbon) Name : UniKL I.D. No : Section : Group Member : Date : EXPERIMENT 1
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Synthesis and Characterization of Alkane, Alkene and Alkyne (Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbon) OBJECTIVE 1. To synthesize methane, ethane and ethyne 2. To characterize the prepared methane, ethane and ethyne INTRODUCTION Saturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Alkane Methane is first member of the family of hydrocarbons. It can be prepared in the laboratory by the reduction of any halogenated derivatives of alkane . This type of reaction involves the replacement of one or more atoms of halogen . The generalized scheme is: RX HX The chemical properties of methane are characteristic of the alkanes as groups. A convenient test for alkanes which distinguishes them from unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons consist of treatment with bromine in carbon tetrachloride . If it is an alkane ; almost no reaction occurs in the dark . In bright artificial light or in sunlight , the bromine colour is gradually discharged as the substitution reaction proceeds and hydrogen bromide (HBr) is evolved. To test for HBr , blow you breath gently across the mouth of the reaction tube. HBr, if present, will dissolve in the moisture of your breath to form a cloud of droplets . reduction
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Unsaturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons have one or more multiple (double or triple) carbon- carbon bonds per molecule. Alkenes
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2011 for the course ACCOUNTING 121210 taught by Professor Sdasdas during the Spring '10 term at Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

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Experiment_1.0_JAN_2010 - UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR MALAYSIAN...

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