Topic_3.4_CARBOXYLIC_ACID_ESTER - RCOR O + H 2 O RCO H O +...

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Derivatives of hydrocarbons Carboxylic Acid and Ester Chapter 3.4 Carboxylic Acid Nomenclature Properties Sources Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivatives
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Acid Halide
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Examples HOCCHCH 2 CH 3 OH O CH 3 CH CH 3 COOH CH 3 COOH ethanoic acid 2-methylpropanoic acid 2-hydroxybutanoic acid
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Esters give flowers and fruits their pleasant fragrances and flavors.
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Carboxylation of grignard reagent Grignard reagent dissolved in ethoxyethane React with carbon dioxide Product hydrolyzed with dilute acid RMgX CO 2 RCOMgX O + H 3 O + RCOH O Halomagnesium carboxylate Alkyl magnesium halide ethoxy ethane
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RCOH O RC N H + heat + NH 4 + H 2 O + + Hydrolysis of nitriles Under reflux with mineral acid or sulphuric acid Ammonium ion
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(Esterification) ethanoic acid ethanol
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Unformatted text preview: RCOR O + H 2 O RCO H O + R OH heat carboxylic acid alcohol ester water Examples Reaction of esters RCOH O + R' OH RCO R' O + H 2 O H + ester Carboxylic acid alcohol Ester hydrolysis Acid-catalyzed reaction CH 3 CO H O + CH 3 CH 2 OH CH 3 CO CH 2 CH 3 O + H-OH H + Examples ethyl ethanoate ethanol ethanoic acid Hydrolysis of an ester in a basic solution RCO Na + O + R' OH RCO R' O + NaOH heat ester Strong base Carboxylic Acid salt alcohol Reaction of esters Soap formation (Saponification) CH 3 CO Na + O + CH 3 CH 2 OH CH 3 CO CH 2 CH 3 O + NaOH heat Examples ethyl ethanoate ethanol sodium ethoxide l l l...
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2011 for the course ACCOUNTING 121210 taught by Professor Sdasdas during the Spring '10 term at Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences.

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Topic_3.4_CARBOXYLIC_ACID_ESTER - RCOR O + H 2 O RCO H O +...

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