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Topic_3.5_AMINE_AMIDE - Derivatives of hydrocarbons Amines...

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Derivatives of hydrocarbons Amines and Amides Chapter 3.5 Amines Structure and Properties Amine Nomenclature Heterocyclics Amines Amine Sources Basicity of Amines Reactions of Amines Importants of Amines Amides
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Alkylamine N attached to alkyl group Arylamine N attached to aryl group
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Amine nomenclature Primary amines Locate longest carbon chain that contains -NH 2 group. Use the hydrocarbon name, drop –e , replace with –amine . Assign location of amine group so that the lowest possible number is used. Name and number any side chains or other groups.
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1-propanamine 2-propanamine 2-hexanamine
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N-methyl-1-propanamine N,N-dimethylcyclohexanamine
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N-ethyl-N-methylethanamine 1,2-propanediamine
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Have fishy smell. BP & MP higher than alkane but lower than alcohol.
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methanamine 1 ° amine N-methylmethanamine 2 ° amine N,N-dimethylmethanamine 3 ° amine methanal
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butanamide 1-butanamine nitrobenzene aniline 1. LiAlH 4 2. H 2 O or H 2 , Ni methanol 1. Fe, HCl 2. NaOH
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Reaction of amines
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