401 text book - 401 23 Fragments Incomplete Sentences...

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401 23 Fragments Incomplete Sentences Understand What Fragments Are A sentence is a group of words that has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought, independent of other sentences. A fragment is a group of words that is missing a subject or a verb or that does not express a complete thought. SENTENCE I am going to a concert on Friday at Memorial Arena. FRAGMENT I am going to a concert on Friday. At Memorial Arena . [ At Memorial Arena does not have a subject or a verb.] Language Note: Remember that any idea that ends with a period needs a subject and a verb to be complete. For a review of subjects and verbs, see pages 388–94. In the Real World, Why Is It Important to Correct Fragments? A fragment is one of the grammatical errors that people notice most, as the following example shows. SITUATION: A student responds to an ad for a work-study position at the college. IDEA JOURNAL Without looking at this chapter, how would you defi ne a fragment? How do
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you fi nd a fragment in your writing? In the examples in this chapter, subjects are underlined once and verbs are underlined twice. EDITING ESSAYS 402 Part Four • The Four Most Serious Errors RESPONSE: Alex Espinoza, the college professor who was profi led in Chapter 12, made the following response after reading Carson’s letter. If I had received this letter, I would not hire the writer. If Carson doesn’t care about writing, why should I hire him? Bad writing is like walking out the door in your pajamas, unshaven, unshowered, and gross. Find and Correct Fragments To fi nd fragments in your own writing, look for the fi ve kinds of fragments in this chapter. When you fi nd a fragment, you can usually correct it in one of two ways. WAYS TO CORRECT FRAGMENTS • Add what is missing (a subject, a verb, or both). • Attach the fragment to the sentence before or after it. PRACTICE 1 FINDING AND CORRECTING FRAGMENTS Underline the three fragments in Carson Watson’s letter above.
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Dear Professor Espinoza: I am interested in the position for an assistant that I saw. On the work-study Web site. I have attached a résumé for you to review. That describes my experience. I would very much like to work for you next semester. Helping with your writing and research. I type very fast. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely, Carson Watson Alex Espinoza College Professor (See Alex’s Profi le of Success on p. 191.) t EDITING ESSAYS Chapter 23 • Fragments 403 Fragments That Start with Prepositions Whenever a preposition starts what you think is a sentence, check for a subject, a verb, and a complete thought. If any one of those is missing, you have a fragment. FRAGMENT The plane crashed into the house. With a deafening roar . [ With a deafening roar
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401 text book - 401 23 Fragments Incomplete Sentences...

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