lecture10.0130 - Race & Intelligence continued. From Samuel...

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1 Fro m  S a m ue l Mo rto n’s  s kulls  to  the   m e a s uring  o f “inte llig e nc e ” thro ug h IQ
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2 Tra ve ling  C a te g o rie s : Ka tie  (fro m  c la s s   2007) Fo und This  in a  S c ho o l in Za m b ia
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3 G o uld’s  finding s … G o uld c o rre c te d fo r the  la ps e s  in Mo rto n’s  a na lys is  -- g e nde r,  e xc lude d s kulls   (e xc e pt fo r s ta ture  s inc e  he  didn’t ha ve  a ny  fig ure s ) -- a nd fo und: (a) tha t the  a ve ra g e  diffe re nc e  b e twe e n Bla c ks  a nd White s  wa s   va s tly re duc e d (fro m  10 c ub ic  inc he s  to  jus t 4) a nd   (a) tha t the  diffe re nc e s  a re  no t e ve n s ta tis tic a lly s ig nific a nt  a nywa y. 
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4 Q ue s tio ns Why lo o k a t Mo rto n a t a ll?   It’s  a nc ie nt his to ry rig ht? The  his to ry o f unde rlying  a s s um ptio ns  s ho w  c o ntinuitie s . Mo rto n’s  e xa m ple  te lls  us  tha t e ve n s c ie nc e  is   influe nc e d b y c ulture .  It fo rc e s  us  to  b e  c ritic a l.
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5 Q ue s tio ns Is  this  a rg um e nt a nti-s c ie nc e ? S c ie ntis ts  e xpe c t the ir wo rk to  b e  re -te s te d a nd re - e xa m ine d in lig ht o f ne w thinking , ne w ide a s .  Mo rto n  ke pt g o o d no te s ; S te phe n Ja y G o uld a na lyze d the   s a m e  s kulls  us ing  the  s a m e  m e tho ds  to  re a c h ne w  c o nc lus io ns .
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6 The  His to ric a l Tre nd Phys ic a l m e a s ure s  o ut o f fa vo r; a  ne w pha s e  o f m e a s uring  c o nte nt, s o m e thing  c a lle d inna te  inte llig e nc e , b e g a n in the  20th c e ntury. A m o ve m e nt fro m  phys ic a l “thing ” to  inta ng ib le  “c o nte nt”  Re s ult: c ulture  b e c o m e s  a n inc re a s ing ly im po rta nt pa rt o f  a rg um e nts  a g a ins t ra c e -b a s e d the o rie s  o f diffe re nc e c ulture  o f the  te s t-m a ke r c ulture  in the  te s t c ulture  o f the  te s t-ta ke r --> C ulture : m o de ls  o f a nd m o de ls  fo r re a lity
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7 The  De ve lo pm e nt o f IQ  Te s ting … Alfre d Bine t a)  he  wa nte d to  ide ntify c hildre n  ha ving  le arning  pro b le m s  s o  tha t  the y c o uld re c e ive  additio na l  atte ntio n b)  o ne  o f his  big g e s t wo rrie s  was   tha t his  te s ts  wo uld b e  m is us e d to   “g ive  up” o n kids  with pro ble m s c )  Bine t wa s  ve ry c a re ful to  a rg ue   tha t inte llig e nc e  c o uld no t b e   ab s trac te d a s  a  s ing le  num be r
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8 Linking  Bine t’s  Te s ts  to  He re dita ria n  The o rie s  o f IQ : The  Mo ve  to  Am e ric a Ro b e rt Ye rke s Ha rva rd ps yc ho lo g is t in the  e a rly  20th c e ntury, frus trate d b y the   re puta tio n o f his  pro fe s s io n as  a 
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Peters during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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lecture10.0130 - Race & Intelligence continued. From Samuel...

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