chin 252 review questions - Fall, 2009 Chinese 252 Review...

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Unformatted text preview: Fall, 2009 Chinese 252 Review Quest ions, Series 1, Part A 1. How m any tones are there in m odern standard Chinese? 4 2. The great m ajority of Chinese characters have two com ponent s. What are these two com ponent s called, and what is the funct ion of each? ( ) funct ion: p 3. In Chinese, which com es first, the given nam e (John, Sally, etc.) or the surnam e (Sm ith, Johnson, etc.)? Surnam e 4. In what year was China first m ade into a unified, im perial, bureaucratic state? 221BC 5. What Chinese ruler is fam ous for having burned books and buried scholars subsequent to the unificat ion referred to above? Qin Shi Huang 6. Why does Chinese m ake relat ively little use of words borrowed from other languages? Èüb¶ ª ie m odern- 7. Nam e an Asian language other than Chinese that is that is also tonal, and in which single syllables usually carry m eaning (as in Chinese). Vietnam ese 8. What is the nam e of the Chinese translit eration system used in this course? Pinyin 9. Write in the approxim ate sound values of the following Chinese initial consonant s: c- ts q- chi z - dz zh - zh x - sh 10. What does the four-word idiom “ t hree-people-create-tiger” m ean? xÖÄμª * ÐÙ F Ú F 11. In the pinyin system, what sound does the letter “i” represent in the syllable zhi ? “ri” 12. What two steps must you follow to find a character you do not know how to pronounce in a Chinese dictionary? €ÖÄμ * Õ¬Çd9 13. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable jiu ? 4 1) clue 2) see 3) the 4) slow 14. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable hui ? 1 1) say 2) see 4) toy 4) tie 15. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable zheng ? 4 1) sing 2) sang 3) song 4) sung 16. Which of the following Chinese syllables rhymes best with the English word “hung?” 4 1) zhong 2) jing 3) zheng 4 zhang 17. Which of the following Chinese syllables is closest in sound to the the English pronoun “I?” 2 1) yi 2) ai 3) ei 4) e 18. Which two of the following Chinese syllables rhyme? 2&3 1) yu 2) you 3) jiu 4) zu 19. Supply four Chinese syllables, each of which exemplifies a different pronunciation of the letter “i” in the pinyin system. ai ei ui ing 20. In the pinyin system, how are the sounds “j,” “ch,” and “sh” respectively represented in cases where the tongue is in the retroflex Èüb¶ ª position? Zh ch sh 21. In the pinyin system, how are the sounds “j,” “ch,” and “sh” represented in cases where the tongue is in the palatal( ) position? J c x 22. What are some features of Lóngsh n culture that do not appear to have existed in the ā earlier Y ǎ ngsh o culture? ā Chinese 252 Review Questions (Series 1a), Fall, 2009 2 h : ¬ & r i o 23. In Chinese myth, what two figures are regarded as founders of the institution of matrimony? ¨ ª ¶ª 24. What mythical ruler is said to have eaten hundreds of herbs in order to discover which 24....
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2011 for the course CHIN 252 taught by Professor Erichenry during the Fall '10 term at University of North Carolina School of the Arts.

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chin 252 review questions - Fall, 2009 Chinese 252 Review...

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