According to legend, the military expert Sūn W
on one occasion managed to bring about
the execution of the two favorite concubines of his patron and employer King Hél
Why, from his point of view, was this a desirable thing, and how could he have been sure in
advance that the distressed and enraged king would not retaliate by having him put to death?
(hint: the story of “the banquet without hatbands” may prove useful to your discussion).
It was a desirable thing because he didn’t want King Helu to devote himself to women,
which would make other people think that he was incapable and diminish his ability to lead.
Therefore, in showing that king Helu was not a petty man who was only interested in women, it was
desirable to establish his authority in his ruling state.
In 600 BCE, Chén Líng-gōng and two of his ministers created a scandal by openly indulging
in licentious misbehavior with Xià Jī, the widow of a same-surname cousin of Líng-gōng’s.
In 506 BCE., the state of Wú invaded Ch
and occupied its capital, forcing the Ch
flee, enduring danger and hardship. According to the ancient historians, how did event #1
lead gradually but inexorably to event #2? Reconstruct the bridge of causation. (be careful!
This bridge has quite a few specific phases!)
(600BCE) Chen ling gong, Shen Shu Shi and Xia Ji had an affair, even though Xia Ji
already had a son. Xia Ji’s son Xia Nan was insulted, such that his patrilinity was questioned. Xia
nan then killed Chen Ling Gong out of anger and frustration. After Chen Ling Gong died, Chu
Zhuang Wang had an opportunity to intervene the state of Chen as a hegemon. He defeats the state
of Chen and wanted to annex it, but restored it (kong zi commented on this).
Wu Chen escaped to Jin with Xia Ji and had a son. They later sent their son to Wu to train the
military there. After time, when the army of Wu became very strong, Jin together with Wu,
launched an atk on Chu. Wu was then known for atking Chu, while allying with Jin.
(506 BCE) After time, Chu ping wang was the descendent of Chu Zhuang Wang, and his PM, Fei
WuJi, was evil and slandered against his loyal officier, Wu She. Eventually, Wu She and his elder
son, Wu Shang were killed but his younger son, Wu Zi Xu, escaped to Wu
. (probably because he
knew the people of Wu are generally enemies with the people of Chu, from the story of Chen Ling
There, he became a great court officier and made Wu a very powerful state. He then led Wu
military and had regular excursions to Chu. It was probably done to expand Wu territory but also
somehow related to his personal reasons – he wanted revenge on Chu Ping Wang and thus to crush
the state of Chu.
Chen was going downhill and Chu destroyed Chen. Chu eventually goes downhill and