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rev.qu.1a (1) - Fall,2010 Chinese 252 Review Questions...

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Fall, 2010 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 1, Part A 1. How many tones are there in modern standard Chinese? Four 2. The great majority of Chinese characters have two components. What are these two components called, and what is the function of each? Radical (semantic graph (h ) section header Radicals are used to organize Chinese characters in Chinese dictionaries. Section header is to determine the meaning, semantic graph is to determine the pronunciation. 3. In Chinese, which comes first, the given name (John, Sally, etc.) or the surname (Smith, Johnson, etc.)? Surname comes first. 4. In what year was China first made into a unified, imperial, bureaucratic state? The first unified Chinese state was established by Qin Shi Huang of the Qin state in 221 BC. 5. What Chinese ruler is famous for having burned books and buried scholars subsequent to the unification referred to above? Burning of the books and burying of the scholars ( traditional Chinese : h ; simplified Chinese : h hh ; pinyin : Fénshū Kēngrú ) is a phrase that refers to a policy and a sequence of events in the Qin Dynasty of Ancient China , between the period of 213 and 206 BCE. During these events, the Hundred Schools of Thought were pruned; legalism survived. 6. Why does Chinese make relatively little use of words borrowed from other languages? ?????????? 7. Name an Asian language other than Chinese that is that is also tonal, and in which single syllables usually carry meaning (as in Chinese). Vietnamese 8. What is the name of the Chinese transliteration system used in this course? Pin Yin 9. Write in the approximate sound values of the following Chinese initial consonants: c ts q z tz zh d3 x 10. What does the four-word idiom “three-people-create-tiger” mean? Rumors can at times cover up reality. 11. In the pinyin system, what sound does the letter “i” represent in the the syllable zhi ? [i] 12. What two steps must you follow to find a character you do not know how to pronounce in a Chinese dictionary? 1) Identify the radical and look it up in the dictionary 2)count the strokes of the left part of the character except for the radical. 13. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable jiu ? 1) clue 2) see 3) the 4) slow 14. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable hui ? 1) say 2) see 4) toy 4) tie 15. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable zheng ? 1) sing 2) sang 3) song 4) sung 16. Which of the following Chinese syllables rhymes best with the English word “hung?” 1) zhong 2) jing 3) zheng 4 zhang 17. Which of the following Chinese syllables is closest in sound to the the English pronoun “I?”
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Chinese 252 Review Questions (Series 1a), Fall, 2010 2 1) yi 2) ai 3) ei 4) e 18. Which two of the following Chinese syllables rhyme?
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