rev.qu.1a - Fall,2010...

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Fall, 2010 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 1, Part A 1. How many tones are there in modern standard Chinese? 4 2. The great majority of Chinese characters have two components. What are these two components called, and what is the function of each? Radical: meaning Phonetics: sound 3. In Chinese, which comes first, the given name (John, Sally, etc.) or the surname (Smith, Johnson, etc.)? surname 4. In what year was China first made into a unified, imperial, bureaucratic state? 221BCE 5. What Chinese ruler is famous for having burned books and buried scholars subsequent to the unification referred to above? . 6. Why does Chinese make relatively little use of words borrowed from other languages? Because there are tones in Chinese, and each Chinese syllable represents different meaning. 7. Name an Asian language other than Chinese that is that is also tonal, and in which single syllables usually carry meaning (as in Chinese). . 8. What is the name of the Chinese transliteration system used in this course? Pinyin 9. Write in the approximate sound values of the following Chinese initial consonants: c ts q ch z dz zh j x sh 10. What does the four-word idiom “three-people-create-tiger” mean? Three people cause a tiger to exist. It means that rumors can at times cover up reality. 11. In the pinyin system, what sound does the letter “i” represent in the the syllable zhi ? ri 12. What two steps must you follow to find a character you do not know how to pronounce in a Chinese dictionary? find the radical first, then look at the strokes 13. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable jiu ? 1) clue 2) see 3) the 4) slow 14. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable hui ? 1) say 2) see 4) toy 4) tie 15. Which of the following English words rhymes best with the Chinese syllable zheng ? 1) sing 2) sang 3) song 4) sung 16. Which of the following Chinese syllables rhymes best with the English word “hung?” 1) zhong 2) jing 3) zheng 4 zhang 17. Which of the following Chinese syllables is closest in sound to the the English pronoun “I?” 1) yi 2) ai 3) ei 4) e 18. Which two of the following Chinese syllables rhyme? 1) yu 2) you 3) jiu 4) zu 19. Supply four Chinese syllables, each of which exemplifies a different pronunciation of the letter “i” in the pinyin system.
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Chinese 252 Review Questions (Series 1a), Fall, 2010 2 Sui, qi, jiu, tai 20. In the pinyin system, how are the sounds “j,” “ch,” and “sh” respectively represented in cases where the tongue is in the retroflex position? Zh, ch, sh 21. In the pinyin system, how are the sounds “j,” “ch,” and “sh” represented in cases where the tongue is in the palatal position? J, q, x
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2011 for the course CHIN 252 taught by Professor Erichenry during the Fall '10 term at University of North Carolina School of the Arts.

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rev.qu.1a - Fall,2010...

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