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Unformatted text preview: Fall 2009 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 1, Part B 1. Of the following states, which four were not among the central states and were regarded by people of those states as semi-barbaric: Jn, Qn, Ch , L , Q, W, Yu, Zhng, Sng Chu, Qin, Wu, and Yue. 2. What is the difference between the ancient and the modern meanings of the term Zhnggu? In ancient times, the term Zhnggu referred to the central states of China and did not include semi-barbaric states around them. The modern meaning of the term Zhnggu refers to the whole China, not just parts of it. 3. When Chngr (Lord Wn of Jn or Jn Wn-gng) came to the state of Co, why did the wife of the Co officer X F J advise her husband to bring gifts of food and offers of service to Chngr? She knew that Chngr will have a great fate, and advises her husband to develop a great relationship with Chngr so that their family can establish peace with the Jin state. 4. Who said the following to whom and why did he say it: When the sovereigns virtue is commendable and brilliant, the vessels, even if small, would be heavy; when the sovereigns virtue is darkened and obscured, the vessels, even if large, would be light. Wngsn M n said it to Ch Zhung-wng 5. There is a poem in the Book of Songs (Kio sings the oriole / As it lights on the thorn bush...) that describes the burial of the living with the dead at the funeral of a lord of the Spring and Autumn era. In what state did this take place and who was the lord? Qin state under Qin Mu Gong. The Qin dynasty that later established also practiced this ritual. 6. Once an officer had an audience with Ch Zhung-wng and said, A strange bird has alighted in the land of Ch , that for three years has not been seen to fly, and for three years has not been heard to sing. What was the officer talking about and why didnt he use plainer language? Shen Wu Wei told Chu king this to imply that Chu Zhuang-wang was able to become a great king, but he was not involved enough. 7. Why did K ngz think that a system of ritual would result in a better society than a system of law? Confucian political philosophy, law is necessary, but statesmen should lay more importance on morals. Lead the people with governmental measures and regulate them by law and punishment, and they will avoid wrongdoing but will have no sense of honor and shame. Lead them with virtue and regulate them by the rules of propriety, and they will have a sense of shame and, moreover, set themselves right and arrive at goodness. 8. What is the relationship of Ji Z Tu to the Cold Food Festival ( Hnshji . )?...
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- Fall '10