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Unformatted text preview: Fall 2009 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 1, Part B 1. Of the following states, which four were not among the “central” states and were regarded by people of those states as semi-barbaric: Jìn, Qín, Ch , L , Qí, Wú, Yuè, Zhèng, Sòng ǔ ǔ Chu, Qin, Wu, and Yue. 2. What is the difference between the ancient and the modern meanings of the term “Zhōngguó?” In ancient times, the term “Zhōngguó” referred to the central states of China and did not include semi-barbaric states around them. The modern meaning of the term “Zhōngguó” refers to the whole China, not just parts of it. 3. When Chóng’ěr (Lord Wèn of Jìn or Jìn Wén-gōng) came to the state of Cāo, why did the wife of the Cāo officer Xī F Jī advise her husband to bring gifts of food and offers of service to Chóng’ěr? ǔ She knew that Chóng’ěr will have a great fate, and advises her husband to develop a great relationship with Chóng’ěr so that their family can establish peace with the Jin state. 4. Who said the following to whom and why did he say it: “When the sovereign’s virtue is commendable and brilliant, the vessels, even if small, would be heavy; when the sovereign’s virtue is darkened and obscured, the vessels, even if large, would be light.” Wángsūn M n ǎ ǔ said it to Ch Zhuāng-wáng ǔ 5. There is a poem in the Book of Songs (‘Kio’ sings the oriole / As it lights on the thorn bush...) that describes the burial of the living with the dead at the funeral of a lord of the Spring and Autumn era. In what state did this take place and who was the lord? Qin state under Qin Mu Gong. The Qin dynasty that later established also practiced this ritual. 6. Once an officer had an audience with Ch Zhuāng-wáng and said, “A strange bird has alighted in the land of ǔ Ch , that for three years has not been seen to fly, and for three years has not been heard to sing.” What was the ǔ officer talking about and why didn’t he use plainer language? Shen Wu Wei told Chu king this to imply that Chu Zhuang-wang was able to become a great king, but he was not involved enough. 7. Why did K ngz think that a system of ritual would result in a better society than a system of law? ǒ ǐ Confucian political philosophy, law is necessary, but statesmen should lay more importance on morals. Lead the people with governmental measures and regulate them by law and punishment, and they will avoid wrongdoing but will have no sense of honor and shame. Lead them with virtue and regulate them by the rules of propriety, and they will have a sense of shame and, moreover, set themselves right and arrive at goodness.’ 8. What is the relationship of Jiè Z Tuī to the Cold Food Festival ( ǐ Hānshíjié . )?...
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2011 for the course CHIN 252 taught by Professor Erichenry during the Fall '10 term at University of North Carolina School of the Arts.
- Fall '10