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apan chapter 10 notes

apan chapter 10 notes - T he Rise of the South 1815 1860...

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The Rise of the South 1815 – 1860 APAN Chapter 10 Notes A.) The “Distinctive South” a. South-North Similarity i. Same geographic size, believed in the same god, had same beliefs in government (nationalism and localism), South shared the same boom and busts cycle as the south, had an explaining capitalist economy, both had a ruling class even though wealth came from different sources b. South-North Dissimilarity i. In the South, climate and longer growing season allows from agriculture economy, low population density, hard to finance and operate schools, leads to self-sufficient social unit ii. Universities are less developed, South never develops a banking and shipping system, the North attracts more immigrants because it has better industrial growth iii. Southern Evangelicalism was different than in the North, focused more on personal improvement rather than social improvement iv. Post 1815 (antebellum), the two begin to splinter more, antebellum dictates that the when a slave breaks the law it is up to their master to punish them v. The liberty of one race depended on the enslavement of another, in the South c. i. The heart of proslavery argument was a deep and abiding sense of racism, however some southerners justified slavery w/ the Bible, the antiquity of slavery or the status of blacks, saying that there natural status was to be it, some believed that their ownership of people bound to them set a paternal obligation d. Slave Society i. South was interdependent w/ North, need their banks, steamships and merchants, ii. South still rejected Northern ideas like urbanism, wage labor system, broadening right to vote, B.) a. A Southern Westward Movement i. 1820 booms of cotton cultivation and slave-based plantation system shifter from coastal states to Alabama & Mississippi Valley
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The Rise of the South 1815 – 1860 ii. Political Leaders were happy, they thought that cotton kingdom would lead to national and world dominion, did not think of native Americans who already lived there (Cherokees), many Americans viewed Indians as getting in the way of their growing empire b. Indian Treaty Making
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