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APAN CHAPTER 11 Notes - The Modernizing North 1815 1860...

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The Modernizing North 1815 – 1860 APAN CHAPTER 11 Notes A.) Or is it the North that Was Distinctive? a. Preindustrial Farms i. Main source of farm labor was family members though some yeoman farmers, relied on slaves or indentured servants, farmers engaged in local and long-distance economy ii. Work is divided by gender lines b. Preindustrial Artisans i. Teenage apprentices lived with their masters, who taught them a craft ii. Artisans did not have a rigid schedule, worked leisurely c. Early Industrialization i. Women and children continued to produced good as they always had but now did so in much greater quantities and for consumption of people besides their families, worked for merchants B.) The Transportation Revolution a. Roads i. Previously built roads had become obstructed by fallen trees, soaked by mud, or clouded by dust ii. The lack of cheap quick transportation impeded the westward expansion of population as well as industrial growth b. Steamboats i. Carried more passengers than freight, helped transport settlers in Midwest c. Canals i. Canals are built to transport good and produce to and from interior locations previously accessible only by difficult-to-navigate rivers or by poorly maintained roads ii. After success of Erie Canal, more states built canals d. Railroads i. Rail was the way of the future, moves faster than canal boats, can operate year round, do not need water, so you can go to remote locations e. Government Promotion of Internal Improvements i. Northern governments and investors spent more money on transportation than Southerners ii.
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