apan chapter 15 notes

apan chapter 15 notes - T ransforming Fire: The Civil War...

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Transforming Fire: The Civil War 1861 - 1865 A.) America Goes to War, 1861 – 1862 a. First Battle of Bull Run i. First Battle takes place in July of 1861 and shows US that while they have a lot of resources, victory will not be easy b. Grand Strategy i. Union plan under direction of General McClellan was to strangle the confederacy by capturing ports ii. Confederate plan was defensive, reasonable plan considering they believed they were defending their liberties and they did not have the same resources as the North c. Union Naval Campaign i. North makes gains by Sea during the first year by capturing islands like Hilton Head, as the North captures more land, more runaways come to Union lines, southerners begin to worry about the gravity of the war d. War in the Far West i. Union Victory in Arkansas shatters Confederate dominance and ruins Native American unity ii. Union & Confederacy fight over control of New Mexico, as New Mexico gives access to trading in Colorado & California e. i. Commander Grant (before he became president) tries to capture to important forts in Tennessee, Confederates attack in the morning after first Grant attack, no one clearly wins but staggering death and injured toll f. i. McClellan was slow to move, had outdated techniques, would ignore Lincoln’s demands and indecisive, he frequently overestimated the size of enemy forces ii. Robert E. Lee, originally opposed secession but became staunch supporter of Confederacy, outsmarted McClellan frequently, better planner 1
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Transforming Fire: The Civil War 1861 - 1865 g. i. Battle of Antietam should have been better planned, Lee narrowly escaped but McClellan’s poor planning and organization led to battle orders getting lost, Lincoln soon removed McClellan from power B.) War Transforms the South a. The Confederacy and Centralization i. The War disrupts southern way of life, weakens state and local government, ii. Solution to crumbling government was centralization, Jefferson Davis organizes Confederate Congresses, which raises taxes, organized tax collectors, uses martial law and habeas corpus to prevent people from uprising, iii. Davis also requires farmers to switch from cash crops to food crops, in order to supply army with food, iv. War Department becomes dependent on slaves to work for them, and depends on confiscation for getting food b. Confederate Nationalism i. Confederates created a culture and ideology of nationalism, wanted to create their own national symbols, identity, flags, song, seals, school readers, wanted their own story ii. Defense of Slavery, reason they are fighting in the war c. i. Union blockade disrupts importing of manufactured products while Southern cities boom in population where Confederate departments set up their offices d. Changing Roles of Women i. Women have new responsibilities and freedoms during
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apan chapter 15 notes - T ransforming Fire: The Civil War...

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