apan chapter 21

apan chapter 21 - Chapter 21 The Progressive Era 1895 1920...

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Chapter 21 The Progressive Era 1895 – 1920 A.) The Va ried Progressive Impulse a. i. Because of reform groups, politics become more fragmented and focus on specific issues more than before, many adopted models and ideas from Europe ii. Although goals of the rural-based Populists, moral regeneration, political democracy, and antimonopoly – continued after the movement faded, the Progressive quest for social justice, labor laws, educational and legal form, and government streamlining had a largely urban bent b. i. The new middle class was determined to apply the rational techniques that they had learned in their professions to problems of the larger society, wanted to “Americanize” immigrants and Indians through education and other means to conform them ii. Muckrakers fed public tastes for scandal and sensation by exposing, social, economic, and political wrongs iii. Progressives would reclaim government by replacing the boss system with accountable managers chosen by a responsible electorate c. Upper-Class Reformers i. Business dominated organizations like the Municipal Voters League and the US Chamber of Commerce thought that running schools, hospitals, and local government like efficient businesses would help stabilize society d. Working-Class Reformers i. American Liberalism derived from working-class urban experiences, reformers who represented working-class interests as protectors of individual liberty, they opposed reforms such as prohibition, Sunday closing laws, civil service, nonpartisan elections e. The Social Gospel 1
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Chapter 21 The Progressive Era 1895 – 1920 i. Social Gospel actively participated in social reform and governed their lives by asking “WWJD?” ii. Consequence of this, imposing their own values on people of different cultures, they undermined their efforts to help f. Socialists i. By 1912, the Socialist Party of America had 150,000 members and while some unions supported socialist goals they opposed many reforms hat would increase taxes on members’ wages g. i. In the South, urban and middle class had the same goals of reform as the North and other regions which included railroad and utility regulation, factory safety, pure food, drug legislation, moral reform h. Opponents of Progressivism i. Not everyone supported Progressivism, many people in Congress feared how it would interfere with free market B.) a. Restructuring Government i. After 1900, campaigns to make them run more efficiently resulted in city-manager and commission forms of government, urban officials were chosen for professional expertise over political expertise
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apan chapter 21 - Chapter 21 The Progressive Era 1895 1920...

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