Lecture 19 notes Nov 29

Lecture 19 notes Nov 29 - Motivating and Leading Employees...

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Motivating and Leading Employees o Definition of Motivation o Common Misconceptions Regarding Motivation Theories of Motivation Hierarchy of Needs: Abraham Maslow Deprivation Model of Behaviour Five Need Systems Implications or Managers Expectancy Theory: Victor Vroom Individual Motivation: Four Questions Fredrick Herzberg: Two Factor Theory Basic Assumptions Extrinsic Factors (Dissatisfiers) Intrinsic Factors (Motivation) Motivation The willingness to exert high level s of effort towards the achievement of a goal, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual need Common Misconceptions Regarding Motivation o Motivation is a personality trait Some people have it. ..others do not Instead, motivation is the result of a complex interaction between the individual and the situation (environment) o Motivation is something that can be “externally” applied All of the foregoing individuals are assuming a power that they do not possess
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Instead, motivation “comes from within an individual” in that a person motivates himself or herself All that a manager, a parent, etc can control is the situation or environment in which the person operates Can create an environment in which people will choose to motivate themselves in
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Lecture 19 notes Nov 29 - Motivating and Leading Employees...

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