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Volume%201%20-%20Ch%2009%20Brady - Exam Name...

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Exam Name___________________________________ MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) What distinguishes verapamil (Calan, Isoptin) and diltiazem (Cardizem) from nifedipine (Procardia)? A) Only nifedipine causes smooth muscle relaxation. B) Nifedipine can only be used to treat anginal episodes. C) Verapamil and diltiazem reduce SA and AV node conductivity. D) Verapamil and diltiazem are calcium channel blockers, whereas nifedipine is not. 1) 2) Tricyclic antidepressants achieve their therapeutic effect by: A) blocking the release of acetylcholine at the synapse. B) blocking the release of norepinephrine and serotonin at the synapse. C) prolonging the duration of norepinephrine and serotonin at the receptor sites. D) enhancing degradation of norepinephrine and serotonin at the synapse. 2) 3) Current treatment regimens for peptic ulcer disease may include all of the following EXCEPT: A) proton pump inhibitors. B) nonsteroidal anti - inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). C) H 2 receptor antagonists. D) antibiotics. 3) 4) Which statement about Levodopa in the treatment of Parkinson ʹ s disease is NOT true? A) Levodopa crosses the blood - brain barrier. B) Levodopa is an effective therapy because it converts to dopamine in the brain. C) Levodopa remains an effective therapy throughout the disease. D) Levodopa is often combined with another ingredient to prevent metabolism outside the brain. 4) 5) The time from when a drug is administered until it reaches the minimum effective concentration is known as the: A) onset of action. B) therapeutic interval. C) duration of action. D) peak action. 5) 6) Which of the following drugs are often found in both prescription and over - the - counter nasal decongestants? A) Alpha 2 agonists B) Alpha 1 agonists C) Alpha 1 antagonists D) Beta 2 agonists 6) 7) Methylphenidate (Ritalin), a drug used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), achieves its therapeutic action by ________ the CNS, thereby causing ________, allowing for greater concentration and focus. A) stimulating, paradoxical sedation B) depressing, sedation C) depressing, relaxation D) stimulating, heightened awareness and arousal 7) 1
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8) You are caring for an elderly female with suspected vertebral fracture secondary to osteoporosis. She frequently takes a hydrocodone containing preparation (Vicoprofen) for pain. With her current injury, you find it necessary to administer a greater - than - expected dosage of morphine. Why is this higher dosage needed? A) Potentiation B) Cross - tolerance C) Psychological dependency D) Synergism 8) 9) The acronym SLUDGE helps identify the effects of ________ drugs on the autonomic nervous system. A) parasympatholytic
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Volume%201%20-%20Ch%2009%20Brady - Exam Name...

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