GOVERNMENT NOTES - 22:31 The Constitution of...

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Unformatted text preview: 22:31 2-14-2011 The Constitution of 1787-Constitutional Government: Have a written constitution as a basis of authority.-Republican in form: Governed by representatives of the people.-Democratic in intent: Some direct participation by the people.-Federal in structure: Authority divided between national and state governments.-Limited in nature: Built in limitations (ex1. Limited ability to vote) Ex2. Separation of powers: principle that the powers of government should be separated and put in the care of different parts of government 1) Legislative function: making laws- congress 2) Executive function: carrying out the laws-president 3) Judicial function: interpreting laws-supreme court Separation of Powers is unworkable without checks and balances.-A check is the control one branch has over another’s function, creating a balance of power. Everything is mixed together. 1) Gives legislative power to executive (veto) 2) Gives executive power to legislature (senate confirms nominations to executive posts) The resulting system is not efficient:-Built in tensions between branches and levels of government RATIFICATION-Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists-Georgia was the fourth to ratify it.- New York & Virginia gave trouble over the constitution, bill of rights helped. Bill of Rights-Constitution established that the government did three things for us: 1) Established the structure of government- set up the three branches within the federal framework 2) Distributed powers to the government Article 1 section 8 gave legislature powers to congress (Ex. Power to raise & spend money) Article 2 section 2 gave executive power to president (Ex. Command over armed forced & wide authority over policy) Article 3 gave judicial power to the Supreme Court (Ex. The right to judge disputes arising under the constitution) 3) Constitution restrained the government in exercising these powers- Bill of rights- The us constitution both grants and limits powers 2-16-2011 4 major constitution principles I) Separation of powers & checks and balances. II) Limited government-The powers of government are limited by the rights and liberties of the governed.- People give the government listed powers and duties through a constitution while reserving the rest to themselves.- The constitution set up safe guards to ensure that the government remains limited to its proper duties and powers (federalism, separation of powers.) III) Judicial review- the judicial branch has the authority to determine the constitutionality of government acts....
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2011 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Sabia during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Southern University .

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GOVERNMENT NOTES - 22:31 The Constitution of...

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